Structural Biology

Structural biology is a branch of molecular biology, biochemistry, and biophysics concerned with the molecular structure of biological macromolecules (especially proteins, made up of amino acids, and RNA or DNA, made up of nucleotides), how they acquire the structures they have, and how alterations in their structures affect their function. This subject is of great interest to biologists because macromolecules carry out most of the functions of cells, and it is only by coiling into specific three-dimensional shapes that they are able to perform these functions. This architecture, the "tertiary structure" of molecules, depends in a complicated way on each molecule's basic composition, or "primary structure."

Biomolecules are too small to see in detail even with the most advanced light microscopes. The methods that structural biologists use to determine their structures generally involve measurements on vast numbers of identical molecules at the same time. These methods include:

Most often researchers use them to study the "native states" of macromolecules. But variations on these methods are also used to watch nascent or denatured molecules assume or reassume their native states. See protein folding.

A third approach that structural biologists take to understanding structure is bioinformatics to look for patterns among the diverse sequences that give rise to particular shapes. Researchers often can deduce aspects of the structure of integral membrane proteins based on the membrane topology predicted by hydrophobicity analysis. See protein structure prediction.

In the past few years it has become possible for highly accurate physical molecular models to complement the in silico study of biological structures. Examples of these models can be found in the Protein Data Bank.

* Description and images provided by Wikipedia under CC-BY-SA 3.0 license .

Matching Structural Biology Colleges

Yeshiva University

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $40,000 average out-state tuition; $40,000 average in-state tuition

University at Buffalo

Four or more years; Public; $23,910 average out-state tuition; $6,670 average in-state tuition

Baylor College of Medicine

Four or more years; Private not for profit

University of Washington-Seattle Campus

Four or more years; Public; $34,473 average out-state tuition; $9,909 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Structural Biology Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link

SMART Scholarship

Department of Defense

Up to $38,000 December 01, 2020 See Details

SMART Scholarship

Department of Defense

award

Up to $38,000

deadline

December 01, 2020
See Details

Bess Heflin Fellowship

University of Texas at Austin, Office of Graduate Studies

$19,000 Varies See Details

Bess Heflin Fellowship

University of Texas at Austin, Office of Graduate Studies

award

$19,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

$10,000 December 02, 2020 See Details

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

award

$10,000

deadline

December 02, 2020
See Details

Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

Up to $7,000 Varies See Details

Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

award

Up to $7,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Biology Advantage Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,700 Varies See Details

Biology Advantage Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

award

$6,700

deadline

Varies
See Details

Marjorie Skiff Rose Scholarship

University of Colorado Boulder

$6,640 March 13, 2021 See Details

Marjorie Skiff Rose Scholarship

University of Colorado Boulder

award

$6,640

deadline

March 13, 2021
See Details

Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,000 Varies See Details

Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

award

$6,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Titmus Foundation Scholarship

Averett University

$5,000 Varies See Details

Titmus Foundation Scholarship

Averett University

award

$5,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Beverly McAllister Parker Scholarship

Southern Nazarene University, Department of Science

$5,000 Varies See Details

Beverly McAllister Parker Scholarship

Southern Nazarene University, Department of Science

award

$5,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Shoe-Smith Scholarship

University of Colorado Boulder

$4,000 March 13, 2021 See Details

Shoe-Smith Scholarship

University of Colorado Boulder

award

$4,000

deadline

March 13, 2021
See Details