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Genetics

Genetics is a branch of biology concerned with the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in organisms.

Gregor Mendel, a scientist and Augustinian friar, discovered genetics in the late 19th-century. Mendel studied "trait inheritance", patterns in the way traits are handed down from parents to offspring. He observed that organisms (pea plants) inherit traits by way of discrete "units of inheritance". This term, still used today, is a somewhat ambiguous definition of what is referred to as a gene.

Trait inheritance and molecular inheritance mechanisms of genes are still primary principles of genetics in the 21st century, but modern genetics has expanded beyond inheritance to studying the function and behavior of genes. Gene structure and function, variation, and distribution are studied within the context of the cell, the organism (e.g. dominance), and within the context of a population. Genetics has given rise to a number of subfields, including epigenetics and population genetics. Organisms studied within the broad field span the domains of life (archaea, bacteria, and eukarya).

Genetic processes work in combination with an organism's environment and experiences to influence development and behavior, often referred to as nature versus nurture. The intracellular or extracellular environment of a cell or organism may switch gene transcription on or off. A classic example is two seeds of genetically identical corn, one placed in a temperate climate and one in an arid climate. While the average height of the two corn stalks may be genetically determined to be equal, the one in the arid climate only grows to half the height of the one in the temperate climate due to lack of water and nutrients in its environment.

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Bess Heflin Fellowship

University of Texas at Austin, Office of Graduate Studies

$19,000 Varies See Details

Bess Heflin Fellowship

University of Texas at Austin, Office of Graduate Studies

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$19,000

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Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

Up to $7,000 Varies See Details

Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

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Biology Advantage Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,700 Varies See Details

Biology Advantage Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

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$6,700

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Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,000 Varies See Details

Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

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$6,000

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Titmus Foundation Scholarship

Averett University

$5,000 Varies See Details

Titmus Foundation Scholarship

Averett University

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$5,000

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Beverly McAllister Parker Scholarship

Southern Nazarene University, Department of Science

$5,000 Varies See Details

Beverly McAllister Parker Scholarship

Southern Nazarene University, Department of Science

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Grace and Dr. CJ Meredith Scholarship

Valley City State University

$3,000 Varies See Details

Grace and Dr. CJ Meredith Scholarship

Valley City State University

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$3,000

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Dr. Donald and Marjorie Meredith Scholarship

Valley City State University

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Dr. Donald and Marjorie Meredith Scholarship

Valley City State University

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3M/Alumni Undergraduate Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

$3,000 Varies See Details

3M/Alumni Undergraduate Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

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$3,000

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Gore Mathematics and Science Scholarship

Westminster College, Utah

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Gore Mathematics and Science Scholarship

Westminster College, Utah

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