Genetics

Genetics is a branch of biology concerned with the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in organisms.

Gregor Mendel, a scientist and Augustinian friar, discovered genetics in the late 19th-century. Mendel studied "trait inheritance", patterns in the way traits are handed down from parents to offspring. He observed that organisms (pea plants) inherit traits by way of discrete "units of inheritance". This term, still used today, is a somewhat ambiguous definition of what is referred to as a gene.

Trait inheritance and molecular inheritance mechanisms of genes are still primary principles of genetics in the 21st century, but modern genetics has expanded beyond inheritance to studying the function and behavior of genes. Gene structure and function, variation, and distribution are studied within the context of the cell, the organism (e.g. dominance), and within the context of a population. Genetics has given rise to a number of subfields, including epigenetics and population genetics. Organisms studied within the broad field span the domains of life (archaea, bacteria, and eukarya).

Genetic processes work in combination with an organism's environment and experiences to influence development and behavior, often referred to as nature versus nurture. The intracellular or extracellular environment of a cell or organism may switch gene transcription on or off. A classic example is two seeds of genetically identical corn, one placed in a temperate climate and one in an arid climate. While the average height of the two corn stalks may be genetically determined to be equal, the one in the arid climate only grows to half the height of the one in the temperate climate due to lack of water and nutrients in its environment.

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Scholarships for Genetics Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link
 

Churchill Scholarship

Winston Churchill Foundation of the United States

Up to $60,000 November 02, 2020 See Details
 

Churchill Scholarship

Winston Churchill Foundation of the United States

award

Up to $60,000

deadline

November 02, 2020
See Details
 

SMART Scholarship

Department of Defense

Up to $38,000 December 01, 2020 See Details
 

SMART Scholarship

Department of Defense

award

Up to $38,000

deadline

December 01, 2020
See Details
 

Bess Heflin Fellowship

University of Texas at Austin, Office of Graduate Studies

$19,000 Varies See Details
 

Bess Heflin Fellowship

University of Texas at Austin, Office of Graduate Studies

award

$19,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

$10,000 December 02, 2020 See Details
 

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

award

$10,000

deadline

December 02, 2020
See Details
 

Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

Up to $7,000 Varies See Details
 

Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

award

Up to $7,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Biology Advantage Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,700 Varies See Details
 

Biology Advantage Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

award

$6,700

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Marjorie Skiff Rose Scholarship

University of Colorado Boulder

$6,640 March 13, 2021 See Details
 

Marjorie Skiff Rose Scholarship

University of Colorado Boulder

award

$6,640

deadline

March 13, 2021
See Details
 

Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,000 Varies See Details
 

Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

award

$6,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Titmus Foundation Scholarship

Averett University

$5,000 Varies See Details
 

Titmus Foundation Scholarship

Averett University

award

$5,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Beverly McAllister Parker Scholarship

Southern Nazarene University, Department of Science

$5,000 Varies See Details
 

Beverly McAllister Parker Scholarship

Southern Nazarene University, Department of Science

award

$5,000

deadline

Varies
See Details