Microbiology | Fastweb

Microbiology

Microbiology (from Greek μῑκρος, mīkros, "small"; βίος, bios, "life"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study of microorganisms, those being unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells). Microbiology encompasses numerous sub-disciplines including virology, parasitology, mycology and bacteriology.

Eukaryotic microorganisms possess membrane-bound cell organelles and include fungi and protists, whereas prokaryotic organisms—all of which are microorganisms—are conventionally classified as lacking membrane-bound organelles and include Bacteria and Archaea. Microbiologists traditionally relied on culture, staining, and microscopy. However, less than 1% of the microorganisms present in common environments can be cultured in isolation using current means. Microbiologists often rely on molecular biology tools such as DNA sequence based identification, for example 16s rRNA gene sequence used for bacteria identification.

Viruses have been variably classified as organisms, as they have been considered either as very simple microorganisms or very complex molecules. Prions, never considered as microorganisms, have been investigated by virologists, however, as the clinical effects traced to them were originally presumed due to chronic viral infections, and virologists took search—discovering "infectious proteins".

The existence of microorganisms was predicted many centuries before they were first observed, for example by the Jains in India and by Marcus Terentius Varro in ancient Rome. The first recorded microscope observation was of the fruiting bodies of moulds, by Robert Hooke in 1666, but the Jesuit priest Athanasius Kircher was likely the first to see microbes, which he mentioned observing in milk and putrid material in 1658. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is considered a father of microbiology as he observed and experimented with microscopic organisms in 1676, using simple microscopes of his own design. Scientific microbiology developed in the 19th century through the work of Louis Pasteur and in medical microbiology Robert Koch.

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Matching Microbiology Colleges

Colorado State University-Fort Collins
Four or more years; Public; $26,660 average out-state tuition; $9,152 average in-state tuition
University of Puerto Rico-Mayaguez
Four or more years; Public; $3,960 average out-state tuition; $1,938 average in-state tuition
University of Washington-Seattle Campus
Four or more years; Public; $34,473 average out-state tuition; $9,909 average in-state tuition
University of Puerto Rico-Arecibo
Four or more years; Public; $3,960 average out-state tuition; $1,938 average in-state tuition
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Four or more years; Public; $33,523 average out-state tuition; $9,273 average in-state tuition
University of Massachusetts-Amherst
Four or more years; Public; $33,096 average out-state tuition; $15,030 average in-state tuition
Oregon State University
Four or more years; Public; $27,735 average out-state tuition; $9,075 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Microbiology Majors

name award deadline

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

$10,000 December 02, 2019 See Details

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

award

$10,000

deadline

December 02, 2019
See Details

Novus Biologicals Scholarship

Novus Biologicals

$1,500 July 31, 2019 See Details

Novus Biologicals Scholarship

Novus Biologicals

award

$1,500

deadline

July 31, 2019
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Robert J. and Carol Anthony Seim Scholarship

University of Montana, Missoula - College of Arts and Sciences

$500 Varies See Details

Robert J. and Carol Anthony Seim Scholarship

University of Montana, Missoula - College of Arts and Sciences

award

$500

deadline

Varies
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Julius and Anna Wiegenstein Scholarship

University of Montana, Missoula - College of Arts and Sciences

$500 Varies See Details

Julius and Anna Wiegenstein Scholarship

University of Montana, Missoula - College of Arts and Sciences

award

$500

deadline

Varies
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WV American Waterworks Association Scholarship

West Liberty University

Varies Varies See Details

WV American Waterworks Association Scholarship

West Liberty University

award

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deadline

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Mary Branson Taylor Scholarship

University of Idaho, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

Varies Varies See Details

Mary Branson Taylor Scholarship

University of Idaho, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

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deadline

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Mark H. Middlekauf Memorial Scholarship

Oregon State University - College of Science

Varies Varies See Details

Mark H. Middlekauf Memorial Scholarship

Oregon State University - College of Science

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Dr. Mitsuru J. (Jim) Nakamura Graduate Scholarship

University of Montana, Missoula - College of Arts and Sciences

Varies Varies See Details

Dr. Mitsuru J. (Jim) Nakamura Graduate Scholarship

University of Montana, Missoula - College of Arts and Sciences

award

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deadline

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Phil and Ann Aines Endowed Scholarship

Central Oregon Community College

Varies July 18, 2019 See Details

Phil and Ann Aines Endowed Scholarship

Central Oregon Community College

award

Varies

deadline

July 18, 2019
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Bend Garbage and Recycling Company Scholarship

Central Oregon Community College

Varies July 18, 2019 See Details

Bend Garbage and Recycling Company Scholarship

Central Oregon Community College

award

Varies

deadline

July 18, 2019
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