Microbiology

Microbiology (from Greek μῑκρος, mīkros, "small"; βίος, bios, "life"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study of microorganisms, those being unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells). Microbiology encompasses numerous sub-disciplines including virology, parasitology, mycology and bacteriology.

Eukaryotic microorganisms possess membrane-bound cell organelles and include fungi and protists, whereas prokaryotic organisms—all of which are microorganisms—are conventionally classified as lacking membrane-bound organelles and include Bacteria and Archaea. Microbiologists traditionally relied on culture, staining, and microscopy. However, less than 1% of the microorganisms present in common environments can be cultured in isolation using current means. Microbiologists often rely on molecular biology tools such as DNA sequence based identification, for example 16s rRNA gene sequence used for bacteria identification.

Viruses have been variably classified as organisms, as they have been considered either as very simple microorganisms or very complex molecules. Prions, never considered as microorganisms, have been investigated by virologists, however, as the clinical effects traced to them were originally presumed due to chronic viral infections, and virologists took search—discovering "infectious proteins".

The existence of microorganisms was predicted many centuries before they were first observed, for example by the Jains in India and by Marcus Terentius Varro in ancient Rome. The first recorded microscope observation was of the fruiting bodies of moulds, by Robert Hooke in 1666, but the Jesuit priest Athanasius Kircher was likely the first to see microbes, which he mentioned observing in milk and putrid material in 1658. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is considered a father of microbiology as he observed and experimented with microscopic organisms in 1676, using simple microscopes of his own design. Scientific microbiology developed in the 19th century through the work of Louis Pasteur and in medical microbiology Robert Koch.

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Matching Microbiology Colleges

Colorado State University-Fort Collins

Four or more years; Public; $26,660 average out-state tuition; $9,152 average in-state tuition

University of Puerto Rico-Mayaguez

Four or more years; Public; $3,960 average out-state tuition; $1,938 average in-state tuition

University of Washington-Seattle Campus

Four or more years; Public; $34,473 average out-state tuition; $9,909 average in-state tuition

University of Puerto Rico-Arecibo

Four or more years; Public; $3,960 average out-state tuition; $1,938 average in-state tuition

University of Wisconsin-Madison

Four or more years; Public; $33,523 average out-state tuition; $9,273 average in-state tuition

University of Massachusetts-Amherst

Four or more years; Public; $33,096 average out-state tuition; $15,030 average in-state tuition

Oregon State University

Four or more years; Public; $27,735 average out-state tuition; $9,075 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Microbiology Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link
 

SMART Scholarship

Department of Defense

Up to $38,000 December 01, 2020 See Details
 

SMART Scholarship

Department of Defense

award

Up to $38,000

deadline

December 01, 2020
See Details
 

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

$10,000 December 02, 2020 See Details
 

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

award

$10,000

deadline

December 02, 2020
See Details
 

Heartfield Scholarship

Pasadena City College

$2,500 October 09, 2020 See Details
 

Heartfield Scholarship

Pasadena City College

award

$2,500

deadline

October 09, 2020
See Details
 

Robert Sprague Foundation Scholarship

Pasadena City College

$2,000 October 09, 2020 See Details
 

Robert Sprague Foundation Scholarship

Pasadena City College

award

$2,000

deadline

October 09, 2020
See Details
 

PixelPlex STEM Scholarship

PixelPlex

$2,000 December 05, 2020 See Details
 

PixelPlex STEM Scholarship

PixelPlex

award

$2,000

deadline

December 05, 2020
See Details
 

STEM Scholarship

B&G Refrigeration

$1,000 June 30, 2021 See Details
 

STEM Scholarship

B&G Refrigeration

award

$1,000

deadline

June 30, 2021
See Details
 

Robert J. and Carol Anthony Seim Scholarship

University of Montana, Missoula - College of Arts and Sciences

$500 Varies See Details
 

Robert J. and Carol Anthony Seim Scholarship

University of Montana, Missoula - College of Arts and Sciences

award

$500

deadline

Varies
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Julius and Anna Wiegenstein Scholarship

University of Montana, Missoula - College of Arts and Sciences

$500 Varies See Details
 

Julius and Anna Wiegenstein Scholarship

University of Montana, Missoula - College of Arts and Sciences

award

$500

deadline

Varies
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Science Ambassador Scholarship

Cards Against Humanity

100% of tuition December 14, 2020 See Details
 

Science Ambassador Scholarship

Cards Against Humanity

award

100% of tuition

deadline

December 14, 2020
See Details
 

WV American Waterworks Association Scholarship

West Liberty University

Varies Varies See Details
 

WV American Waterworks Association Scholarship

West Liberty University

award

Varies

deadline

Varies
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