Microbiology (from Greek Î¼á¿‘ÎºÏÎ¿Ï‚, mÄ«kros, "small"; Î²Î¯Î¿Ï‚, bios, "life"; and -Î»Î¿Î³Î¯Î±, -logia) is the study of microorganisms, which are microscopic, unicellular, and cell-cluster organisms. This includes eukaryotes such as fungi and protists, and prokaryotes. Viruses and prions, though not strictly classed as living organisms, are also studied. Microbiology typically includes the study of the immune system, or Immunology. Generally, immune systems interact with pathogenic microbes; these two disciplines often intersect which is why many colleges offer a paired degree such as "Microbiology and Immunology".
Microbiology is a broad term which includes virology, mycology, parasitology, bacteriology and other branches. A microbiologist is a specialist in microbiology and these other topics.
For microbiological research, microscope was the major tool, and still is a very important to study the biology of microorganisms. Pure cultures and bacterial growth is traditionally , Petri dish . More Innovative approaches for qualitative or quantitative analysis, for examplesÂ : Vial Lab. Vail Lab was named by Germany Scientist in 2011. It can be used without pre-treatment.
Microbiology is researched actively, and the field is advancing continuously. It is estimated that only about one percent of the microorganisms present in a given environmental sample are culturable and the number of bacterial cells and species on Earth is still not possible to be determined, recent estimates indicate that it can be extremely high (5 Exp 30 cells on Earth, unknown number of species). Although microbes were directly observed over three hundred years ago, the precise determination, quantitation and description of its functions is far to be complete, given the overwhelming diversity detected by genetic and culture-independent means.
Matching Microbiology Colleges
Ohio State University-Main Campus
Four or more years; Public; $23,751 average out-state tuition; $8,856 average in-state tuition
University of Puerto Rico-Mayaguez
Four or more years; Public; $3,336 average out-state tuition; $1,802 average in-state tuition
University of Oklahoma Norman Campus
Four or more years; Public; $14,802 average out-state tuition; $3,849 average in-state tuition
University of Georgia
Four or more years; Public; $24,411 average out-state tuition; $6,676 average in-state tuition
University of Arizona
Four or more years; Public; $24,574 average out-state tuition; $8,364 average in-state tuition
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Four or more years; Public; $24,342 average out-state tuition; $8,592 average in-state tuition
Michigan State University
Four or more years; Public; $31,639 average out-state tuition; $12,769 average in-state tuition
Microbiology Related Majors
- Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology
- Biomedical Sciences
- Cell and Molecular Biology
- Exercise Physiology
- Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry/Biophysics and Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology and Histology
- Neurobiology and Neurophysiology