Plant Genetics

Plant genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity specifically in Plants. It is generally considered a field of biology and botany, but intersects frequently with many other life sciences and is strongly linked with the study of information systems. Plant genetics is similar in many ways to animal genetics but differs in a few key areas.

The discoverer of genetics is Gregor Mendel, a late 19th-century scientist and Augustinian friar. Mendel studied "trait inheritance", patterns in the way traits are handed down from parents to offspring. He observed that organisms (most famously pea plants) inherit traits by way of discrete "units of inheritance". This term, still used today, is a somewhat ambiguous definition of what is referred to as a gene. Much of Mendel's work with plants still forms the basis for modern plant genetics.

Plants, like all known organisms, use DNA to pass on their traits. Animal genetics often focuses on parentage and lineage, but this can sometimes be difficult in plant genetics due to the fact that plants can, unlike most animals, can self-fertilize. Speciation can be easier in many plants due to unique genetic abilities, such as being well adapted to polyploidy. Plants are unique in that they are able to produce energy-dense carbohydrates via photosynthesis, a process which is achieved by use of a structure mostly exclusive to plants: chloroplasts. Chloroplasts, like the superficially similar mitochondria, possess their own DNA. Chloroplasts thus provide an additional reservoir for genes and genetic diversity, and an extra layer of genetic complexity not found in animals.

The study of plant genetics has major economic impacts: many staple crops are genetically modified to increase yields, confer pest and disease resistance, provide resistance to herbicides, or to increase their nutritional value.

* Description and images provided by Wikipedia under CC-BY-SA 3.0 license .

Matching Plant Genetics Colleges

Purdue University-Main Campus

Four or more years; Public; $28,010 average out-state tuition; $9,208 average in-state tuition

University of Wisconsin-Madison

Four or more years; Public; $33,523 average out-state tuition; $9,273 average in-state tuition

Michigan State University

Four or more years; Public; $40,024 average out-state tuition; $15,375 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Plant Genetics Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link
 

SMART Scholarship

Department of Defense

Up to $38,000 December 01, 2020 See Details
 

SMART Scholarship

Department of Defense

award

Up to $38,000

deadline

December 01, 2020
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Bess Heflin Fellowship

University of Texas at Austin, Office of Graduate Studies

$19,000 Varies See Details
 

Bess Heflin Fellowship

University of Texas at Austin, Office of Graduate Studies

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$19,000

deadline

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Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

$10,000 December 02, 2020 See Details
 

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

award

$10,000

deadline

December 02, 2020
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Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

Up to $7,000 Varies See Details
 

Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

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Up to $7,000

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Biology Advantage Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,700 Varies See Details
 

Biology Advantage Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

award

$6,700

deadline

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Marjorie Skiff Rose Scholarship

University of Colorado Boulder

$6,640 March 13, 2021 See Details
 

Marjorie Skiff Rose Scholarship

University of Colorado Boulder

award

$6,640

deadline

March 13, 2021
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Winning Has Roots Scholarship

Bayer Corporation

$6,400 January 14, 2021 See Details
 

Winning Has Roots Scholarship

Bayer Corporation

award

$6,400

deadline

January 14, 2021
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Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,000 Varies See Details
 

Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

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$6,000

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Titmus Foundation Scholarship

Averett University

$5,000 Varies See Details
 

Titmus Foundation Scholarship

Averett University

award

$5,000

deadline

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Beverly McAllister Parker Scholarship

Southern Nazarene University, Department of Science

$5,000 Varies See Details
 

Beverly McAllister Parker Scholarship

Southern Nazarene University, Department of Science

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$5,000

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