Immunology

Immunology is a branch of biology that covers the study of immune systems in all organisms. Immunology charts, measures, and contextualizes the: physiological functioning of the immune system in states of both health and diseases; malfunctions of the immune system in immunological disorders (such as autoimmune diseases, hypersensitivities immune deficiency, and transplant rejection); the physical, chemical and physiological characteristics of the components of the immune system in vitro, in situ, and in vivo. Immunology has applications in numerous disciplines of medicine, particularly in the fields of organ transplantation, oncology, rheumatology, virology, bacteriology, parasitology, psychiatry, and dermatology.

The term was coined by Russian biologist Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov who advanced studies on immunology and received the Nobel Prize for his work in 1908. He pinned small thorns into starfish larvae and noticed unusual cells surrounding the thorns. This was the active response of the body trying to maintain its integrity. It was Mechnikov who first observed the phenomenon of phagocytosis, in which the body defends itself against a foreign body.

Prior to the designation of immunity, from the etymological root immunis, which is Latin for "exempt"; early physicians characterized organs that would later be proven as essential components of the immune system. The important lymphoid organs of the immune system are the thymus and bone marrow, and chief lymphatic tissues such as spleen, tonsils, lymph vessels, lymph nodes, adenoids, and liver. When health conditions worsen to emergency status, portions of immune system organs including the thymus, spleen, bone marrow, lymph nodes and other lymphatic tissues can be surgically excised for examination while patients are still alive.

Many components of the immune system are typically cellular in nature and not associated with any specific organ; but rather are embedded or circulating in various tissues located throughout the body.

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Matching Immunology Colleges

Tulane University of Louisiana

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $48,920 average out-state tuition; $48,920 average in-state tuition

Yale University

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $51,400 average out-state tuition; $51,400 average in-state tuition

Loyola University Chicago

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $41,470 average out-state tuition; $41,470 average in-state tuition

University of Southern Maine

Four or more years; Public; $19,292 average out-state tuition; $7,336 average in-state tuition

Duke University

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $51,720 average out-state tuition; $51,720 average in-state tuition

Drexel University

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $49,632 average out-state tuition; $49,632 average in-state tuition

Rush University

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $32,496 average out-state tuition; $32,496 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Immunology Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link
 

Edith Nourse Rogers STEM Scholarship

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

Up to $30,000 Varies See Details
 

Edith Nourse Rogers STEM Scholarship

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

award

Up to $30,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

SMART Scholarship

United States Department of Defense (DoD)

Up to $38,000 December 01, 2022 See Details
 

SMART Scholarship

United States Department of Defense (DoD)

award

Up to $38,000

deadline

December 01, 2022
See Details
 

Bess Heflin Fellowship

University of Texas at Austin, Office of Graduate Studies

$19,000 Varies See Details
 

Bess Heflin Fellowship

University of Texas at Austin, Office of Graduate Studies

award

$19,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

UCF Astronaut Scholarship

University of Central Florida (UCF)

Up to $15,000 March 02, 2023 See Details
 

UCF Astronaut Scholarship

University of Central Florida (UCF)

award

Up to $15,000

deadline

March 02, 2023
See Details
 

Sturgis Fellowship

University of Arkansas

$12,500 February 01, 2023 See Details
 

Sturgis Fellowship

University of Arkansas

award

$12,500

deadline

February 01, 2023
See Details
 

President's Scholarship - Texas Wesleyan University

Texas Wesleyan University

Up to $12,000 Varies See Details
 

President's Scholarship - Texas Wesleyan University

Texas Wesleyan University

award

Up to $12,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Multi-Country Research Fellowship Program

Council of American Overseas Research Centers

$12,000 December 08, 2022 See Details
 

Multi-Country Research Fellowship Program

Council of American Overseas Research Centers

award

$12,000

deadline

December 08, 2022
See Details
 

SOLV Energy Women in Solar Scholarship

Solar Energy International (SEI)

$10,000 Varies See Details
 

SOLV Energy Women in Solar Scholarship

Solar Energy International (SEI)

award

$10,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

African American Leadership Society STEM Scholarship

United Way of South Hampton Roads

Up to $10,000 November 30, 2022 See Details
 

African American Leadership Society STEM Scholarship

United Way of South Hampton Roads

award

Up to $10,000

deadline

November 30, 2022
See Details
 

FOSSI Scholarship

HBCU Week Foundation, Inc.

$10,000 January 31, 2023 See Details
 

FOSSI Scholarship

HBCU Week Foundation, Inc.

award

$10,000

deadline

January 31, 2023
See Details