Immunology

Immunology is a branch of biology that covers the study of immune systems in all organisms. Immunology charts, measures, and contextualizes the: physiological functioning of the immune system in states of both health and diseases; malfunctions of the immune system in immunological disorders (such as autoimmune diseases, hypersensitivities immune deficiency, and transplant rejection); the physical, chemical and physiological characteristics of the components of the immune system in vitro, in situ, and in vivo. Immunology has applications in numerous disciplines of medicine, particularly in the fields of organ transplantation, oncology, rheumatology, virology, bacteriology, parasitology, psychiatry, and dermatology.

The term was coined by Russian biologist Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov who advanced studies on immunology and received the Nobel Prize for his work in 1908. He pinned small thorns into starfish larvae and noticed unusual cells surrounding the thorns. This was the active response of the body trying to maintain its integrity. It was Mechnikov who first observed the phenomenon of phagocytosis, in which the body defends itself against a foreign body.

Prior to the designation of immunity, from the etymological root immunis, which is Latin for "exempt"; early physicians characterized organs that would later be proven as essential components of the immune system. The important lymphoid organs of the immune system are the thymus and bone marrow, and chief lymphatic tissues such as spleen, tonsils, lymph vessels, lymph nodes, adenoids, and liver. When health conditions worsen to emergency status, portions of immune system organs including the thymus, spleen, bone marrow, lymph nodes and other lymphatic tissues can be surgically excised for examination while patients are still alive.

Many components of the immune system are typically cellular in nature and not associated with any specific organ; but rather are embedded or circulating in various tissues located throughout the body.

* Description and images provided by Wikipedia under CC-BY-SA 3.0 license .

Matching Immunology Colleges

Tulane University of Louisiana

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $48,920 average out-state tuition; $48,920 average in-state tuition

Yale University

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $51,400 average out-state tuition; $51,400 average in-state tuition

Loyola University Chicago

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $41,470 average out-state tuition; $41,470 average in-state tuition

University of Southern Maine

Four or more years; Public; $19,292 average out-state tuition; $7,336 average in-state tuition

Duke University

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $51,720 average out-state tuition; $51,720 average in-state tuition

Drexel University

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $49,632 average out-state tuition; $49,632 average in-state tuition

Rush University

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $32,496 average out-state tuition; $32,496 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Immunology Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link
 

Emmy Noether Award

Joe W. and Dorothy Dorsett Brown Foundation

$25,000 March 24, 2022 See Details
 

Emmy Noether Award

Joe W. and Dorothy Dorsett Brown Foundation

award

$25,000

deadline

March 24, 2022
See Details
 

Bess Heflin Fellowship

University of Texas at Austin, Office of Graduate Studies

$19,000 Varies See Details
 

Bess Heflin Fellowship

University of Texas at Austin, Office of Graduate Studies

award

$19,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

FIRST Scholarship - Bay Atlantic University

FIRST

$13,500 August 15, 2022 See Details
 

FIRST Scholarship - Bay Atlantic University

FIRST

award

$13,500

deadline

August 15, 2022
See Details
 

President's Scholarship - Texas Wesleyan University

Texas Wesleyan University

Up to $12,000 Varies See Details
 

President's Scholarship - Texas Wesleyan University

Texas Wesleyan University

award

Up to $12,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

FOSSI Scholarship

HBCU Week Foundation, Inc.

$10,000 February 15, 2022 See Details
 

FOSSI Scholarship

HBCU Week Foundation, Inc.

award

$10,000

deadline

February 15, 2022
See Details
 

Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship

Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence In Education Foundation

Up to $7,500 January 28, 2022 See Details
 

Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship

Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence In Education Foundation

award

Up to $7,500

deadline

January 28, 2022
See Details
 

Donald A. and Inez H. Carranza Scholarship

Humboldt Area Foundation

$7,500 March 01, 2022 See Details
 

Donald A. and Inez H. Carranza Scholarship

Humboldt Area Foundation

award

$7,500

deadline

March 01, 2022
See Details
 

Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

Up to $7,000 Varies See Details
 

Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

award

Up to $7,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Biology Advantage Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,700 Varies See Details
 

Biology Advantage Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

award

$6,700

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,000 Varies See Details
 

Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

award

$6,000

deadline

Varies
See Details