Environmental Toxicology | Fastweb

Environmental Toxicology

Environmental toxicology is a multidisciplinary field of science concerned with the study of the harmful effects of various chemical, biological and physical agents on living organisms. Ecotoxicology is a subdiscipline of environmental toxicology concerned with studying the harmful effects of toxicants at the population and ecosystem levels.

Rachel Carson is considered the mother of environmental toxicology, as she made it a distinct field within toxicology in 1962 with the publication of her book Silent Spring, which covered the effects of uncontrolled pesticide use. Carson's book was based extensively on a series of reports by Lucille Farrier Stickel on the ecological effects of the pesticide DDT.

Organisms can be exposed to various kinds of toxicants at any life cycle stage, some of which are more sensitive than others. Toxicity can also vary with the organism's placement within its food web. Bioaccumulation occurs when an organism stores toxicants in fatty tissues, which may eventually establish a trophic cascade and the biomagnification of specific toxicants. Biodegradation releases carbon dioxide and water as by-products into the environment. This process is typically limited in areas affected by environmental toxicants.

Harmful effects of such chemical and biological agents as toxicants from pollutants, insecticides, pesticides, and fertilizers can affect an organism and its community by reducing its species diversity and abundance. Such changes in population dynamics affect the ecosystem by reducing its productivity and stability.

Although legislation implemented since the early 1970s had intended to minimize harmful effects of environmental toxicants upon all species, McCarty (2013) has warned that "longstanding limitations in the implementation of the simple conceptual model that is the basis of current aquatic toxicity testing protocols" may lead to an impending environmental toxicology "dark age".

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Matching Environmental Toxicology Colleges

Colorado State University-Fort Collins
Four or more years; Public; $26,660 average out-state tuition; $9,152 average in-state tuition
University of California-Davis
Four or more years; Public; $39,516 average out-state tuition; $11,502 average in-state tuition
SUNY at Albany
Four or more years; Public; $21,550 average out-state tuition; $6,670 average in-state tuition
University of Cincinnati-Main Campus
Four or more years; Public; $24,656 average out-state tuition; $9,322 average in-state tuition
University of South Alabama
Four or more years; Public; $15,024 average out-state tuition; $7,512 average in-state tuition
University of California-Riverside
Four or more years; Public; $39,516 average out-state tuition; $11,502 average in-state tuition
Clarkson University
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $46,700 average out-state tuition; $46,700 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Environmental Toxicology Majors

name award deadline

Bess Heflin Fellowship

University of Texas at Austin, Office of Graduate Studies

$19,000 Varies See Details

Bess Heflin Fellowship

University of Texas at Austin, Office of Graduate Studies

award

$19,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

$10,000 December 02, 2019 See Details

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

award

$10,000

deadline

December 02, 2019
See Details

Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship

Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence In Education Foundation

Up to $7,500 January 31, 2020 See Details

Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship

Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence In Education Foundation

award

Up to $7,500

deadline

January 31, 2020
See Details

Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

Up to $7,000 Varies See Details

Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

award

Up to $7,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Udall Undergraduate Scholarship

Udall Foundation

Up to $7,000 March 05, 2020 See Details

Udall Undergraduate Scholarship

Udall Foundation

award

Up to $7,000

deadline

March 05, 2020
See Details

Biology Advantage Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,700 Varies See Details

Biology Advantage Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

award

$6,700

deadline

Varies
See Details

Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,000 Varies See Details

Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

award

$6,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Titmus Foundation Scholarship

Averett University

$5,000 Varies See Details

Titmus Foundation Scholarship

Averett University

award

$5,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Beverly McAllister Parker Scholarship

Southern Nazarene University, Department of Science

$5,000 Varies See Details

Beverly McAllister Parker Scholarship

Southern Nazarene University, Department of Science

award

$5,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Grace and Dr. CJ Meredith Scholarship

Valley City State University

$3,000 Varies See Details

Grace and Dr. CJ Meredith Scholarship

Valley City State University

award

$3,000

deadline

Varies
See Details