Chilcoot is an unincorporated community in Plumas County, California. It lies at an elevation of 5,013 feet (1,528 m). Chilcoot is located 17 miles (27.4 km) east of Portola.
For census purposes, Chilcoot is included in the census-designated place (CDP) of Chilcoot-Vinton.
The Chilcoot post office opened in 1898, was moved into Lassen County in 1909, and moved back into Plumas County in 1910. Chilcoot may be a Shawnee language name.