Tallulah is a small city in and the parish seat of Madison Parish in northeastern Louisiana, United States. The 2010 population was 7,335, a decrease of 1,854, or 20.2 percent, from the 9,189 tabulation at the 2000 census. In the 21st century, the small city is nearly 77 percent African American; the surrounding parish is 60 percent black. This reflects the area's history of an agricultural economy based on cotton plantations, which employed numerous African Americans, first as slaves and, after emancipation, as paid laborers or sharecroppers.
Tallulah is the principal city of the Tallulah Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Madison Parish. The Madison Parish Sheriff's office operates the Steve Hoyle Rehabilitation Center in Tallulah.