Nevada i/nÉ™ËˆvÃ¦dÉ™/ is a state located in the western, mountain west, and southwestern regions of the United States. With an area of 110,561 square miles (286,350 km2) and a population of about 2.7Â million, it is the 7th-largest and 35th-most populous state. Over two-thirds of Nevada's people live in the Las Vegas metropolitan area, which contains its three largest incorporated cities. Nevada's capital is Carson City.
Nevada is largely desert and semiarid, with much of it located within the Great Basin. Areas south of the Great Basin are located within the Mojave Desert, while Lake Tahoe and the Sierra Nevada mountains lie on the western edge. Approximately 86% of the state's land is owned by the US government under various jurisdictions, both civilian and military.
The name Nevada is derived from the nearby Sierra Nevada mountains, which means "snow-capped mountain range" in Spanish. The land comprising the modern state was inhabited by Native Americans of the Paiute, Shoshone, and Washoe tribes prior to European contact. It was subsequently claimed by Spain as a part of Alta California until the Mexican War of Independence brought it under Mexican control. The United States gained the territory in 1848 following its victory in the Mexican-American War and the area was eventually incorporated as part of Utah Territory in 1850. The discovery of silver at the Comstock Lode in 1859 led to a population boom that was an impetus to the creation of Nevada Territory out of western Utah Territory in 1861. Nevada became the 36thÂ state on OctoberÂ 31,Â 1864.
The establishment of legalized gambling and lenient marriage and divorce proceedings in the 20thÂ century transformed Nevada into a major tourist destination. The tourism industry remains Nevada's largest employer, with mining continuing to be a substantial sector of the economy as Nevada is the fourth largest producer of gold in the world.
Nevada is officially known as the "Silver State" due to the importance of silver to its history and economy. It is also known as the "Battle Born State" because it achieved statehood during the Civil War and the "Sagebrush State" for the native eponymous plant.
Nevada is the largest landlocked U.S. state that does not border Canada or Mexico.
Matching Nevada Colleges
University of Nevada-Las Vegas
Four or more years; Public; $19,407 average out-state tuition; $5,812 average in-state tuition
University of Nevada-Reno
Four or more years; Public; $18,298 average out-state tuition; $5,678 average in-state tuition
College of Southern Nevada
Four or more years; Public; $8,573 average out-state tuition; $2,078 average in-state tuition
Truckee Meadows Community College
At least 2 but less than 4 years; Public; $8,573 average out-state tuition; $2,078 average in-state tuition
Nevada State College
Four or more years; Public; $13,443 average out-state tuition; $3,398 average in-state tuition
Le Cordon Bleu College of Culinary Arts-Las Vegas
At least 2 but less than 4 years; Private for profit; $14,114 average out-state tuition; $14,114 average in-state tuition
The Art Institute of Las Vegas
Four or more years; Private for profit; $17,316 average out-state tuition; $17,316 average in-state tuition
Popular Majors in Nevada
- Business Administration and Management
- Liberal Arts and Sciences
- Nursing - Registered Nurse Training (RN, ASN, BSN, MSN)
- General Studies
- Hospitality Administration/Management
- Elementary Education
- Chef Training
- Curriculum and Instruction
- Special Education and Teaching
- Criminal Justice/Safety Studies
- English Language and Literature
- Marketing/Marketing Management
- Education Leadership and Administration
- Social Work
- Secondary Education
- Political Science and Government