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Clinical Psychology

Clinical psychology is an integration of science, theory and clinical knowledge for the purpose of understanding, preventing, and relieving psychologically-based distress or dysfunction and to promote subjective well-being and personal development. Central to its practice are psychological assessment, clinical formulation, and psychotherapy, although clinical psychologists also engage in research, teaching, consultation, forensic testimony, and program development and administration. In many countries, clinical psychology is a regulated mental health profession.

The field began in 1896 with the opening of the first psychological clinic at the University of Pennsylvania by Lightner Witmer. In the first half of the 20th century, clinical psychology focused on psychological assessment, with little attention given to treatment. This changed after the 1940s when World War II resulted in the need for a large increase in the number of trained clinicians. Since that time, three main educational models have developed in the USA—the Ph.D. Clinical Science model (heavily focused on research), the Ph.D. science-practitioner model (integrating research and practice), and the Psy.D. practitioner-scholar model (focusing on clinical practice). In the UK and the Republic of Ireland the Clinical Psychology Doctorate falls between the latter two of these models, whilst in much of mainland Europe the training is at masters level and predominantly psychotherapeutic. Clinical psychologists are expert in providing psychotherapy, and generally train within four primary theoretical orientations—psychodynamic, humanistic, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and systems or family therapy.

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Matching Clinical Psychology Colleges

Scholarships for Clinical Psychology Majors

name award deadline

Ford Foundation Predoctoral Diversity Fellowship

National Research Council

$24,000 January 08, 2019 See Details

Ford Foundation Predoctoral Diversity Fellowship

National Research Council

award

$24,000

deadline

January 08, 2019
See Details

Bess Heflin Fellowship

University of Texas at Austin, Office of Graduate Studies

$19,000 Varies See Details

Bess Heflin Fellowship

University of Texas at Austin, Office of Graduate Studies

award

$19,000

deadline

Varies
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Women's Auxiliary Scholarship - Children's Medical Center, Dallas

Children's Medical Center of Dallas

Up to $2,000 Varies See Details

Women's Auxiliary Scholarship - Children's Medical Center, Dallas

Children's Medical Center of Dallas

award

Up to $2,000

deadline

Varies
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William and Effa McMeans Scholarship

University of Iowa, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

$2,000 Varies See Details

William and Effa McMeans Scholarship

University of Iowa, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

award

$2,000

deadline

Varies
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Sven Peterson Memorial Scholarship - UCSD

University of California, San Diego

$2,000 Varies See Details

Sven Peterson Memorial Scholarship - UCSD

University of California, San Diego

award

$2,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Psychology Department Scholarship - Waynesburg College

Waynesburg University

$2,000 Varies See Details

Psychology Department Scholarship - Waynesburg College

Waynesburg University

award

$2,000

deadline

Varies
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Maxie Collier Scholarship

Coppin State University

$2,000 Varies See Details

Maxie Collier Scholarship

Coppin State University

award

$2,000

deadline

Varies
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Barbara Ann Hersko Scholarship

University of Wisconsin, Whitewater

$2,000 Varies See Details

Barbara Ann Hersko Scholarship

University of Wisconsin, Whitewater

award

$2,000

deadline

Varies
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Hugo du Coudray Blue Denim Scholarship

Portland State University - College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

$2,000 February 01, 2019 See Details

Hugo du Coudray Blue Denim Scholarship

Portland State University - College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

award

$2,000

deadline

February 01, 2019
See Details

Owen Sowerwine Scholarship

Flathead Valley Community College

Up to $1,500 Varies See Details

Owen Sowerwine Scholarship

Flathead Valley Community College

award

Up to $1,500

deadline

Varies
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Popular Cities for Clinical Psychology Majors