Hawthorne (/ˈhɔːθoʊrn/ (listen)) is a city in Alachua County, Florida, United States. The city was incorporated in 1881 although indigenous peoples of the Americas had been living in the area since around 100 CE. The city grew around their trading trails which are now the crossroads of US Highway 301 and Florida State Road 20. Throughout its history, Hawthorne has been known for its agriculture, railroad, and rural lifestyle. Hawthorne's population was 1,417 at the 2010 census within an area of 7.06 sq mi (18.3 km2).
The mayor of Hawthorne is Matt Surrency, who is also president of the Florida League of Mayors. AreaVibes.com gave Hawthorne an A− grade in November 2018 and considered it a safe place to live, with a crime rate forty-five percent lower than the national average.