Urania is a town in La Salle Parish, Louisiana United States. The population was 1,313 at the 2010 census.
Urania was established in the late 1890s by lumbering magnate Henry E. Hardtner, who is considered "Louisiana's first conservationist." The name Urania is taken from the Greek muse of astronomy. Hardtner served in both houses of the Louisiana State Legislature from La Salle Parish as well as long service on the La Salle Parish Police Jury.
The late state Representative Thomas "Bud" Brady was born in Urania in 1938.