Oilville is an unincorporated community in Goochland County, Virginia, United States. Oilville is located on U.S. Route 250 22 miles (35 km) west-northwest of Richmond. Oilville has a post office with ZIP code 23129.
Woodlawn was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.
Oilville is named for the French dialect “langues d’oil” spoken by early Huguenot settlers who migrated north of the James River from Manakin.