Russian Language And Literature | Fastweb

Russian Language And Literature

Russian literature refers to the literature of Russia and its émigrés and to the Russian-language literature. The roots of Russian literature can be traced to the Middle Ages, when epics and chronicles in Old East Slavic were composed. By the Age of Enlightenment, literature had grown in importance, and from the early 1830s, Russian literature underwent an astounding golden age in poetry, prose and drama. Romanticism permitted a flowering of poetic talent: Vasily Zhukovsky and later his protégé Alexander Pushkin came to the fore. Prose was flourishing as well. The first great Russian novelist was Nikolai Gogol. Then came Ivan Turgenev, who mastered both short stories and novels. Leo Tolstoy and Fyodor Dostoevsky soon became internationally renowned. In the second half of the century Anton Chekhov excelled in short stories and became a leading dramatist. The beginning of the 20th century ranks as the Silver Age of Russian poetry. The poets most often associated with the "Silver Age" are Konstantin Balmont, Valery Bryusov, Alexander Blok, Anna Akhmatova, Nikolay Gumilyov, Osip Mandelstam, Sergei Yesenin, Vladimir Mayakovsky, Marina Tsvetaeva and Boris Pasternak. This era produced some first-rate novelists and short-story writers, such as Aleksandr Kuprin, Nobel Prize winner Ivan Bunin, Leonid Andreyev, Fyodor Sologub, Aleksey Remizov, Yevgeny Zamyatin, Dmitry Merezhkovsky and Andrei Bely.

After the Revolution of 1917, Russian literature split into Soviet and white émigré parts. While the Soviet Union assured universal literacy and a highly developed book printing industry, it also enforced ideological censorship. In the 1930s Socialist realism became the predominant trend in Russia. Its leading figure was Maxim Gorky, who laid the foundations of this style. Nikolay Ostrovsky's novel How the Steel Was Tempered has been among the most successful works of Russian literature. Alexander Fadeyev achieved success in Russia. Various émigré writers, such as poets Vladislav Khodasevich, Georgy Ivanov and Vyacheslav Ivanov; novelists such as Mark Aldanov, Gaito Gazdanov and Vladimir Nabokov; and short story Nobel Prize-winning writer Ivan Bunin, continued to write in exile. Some writers dared to oppose Soviet ideology, like Nobel Prize-winning novelist Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, who wrote about life in the gulag camps. The Khrushchev Thaw brought some fresh wind to literature and poetry became a mass cultural phenomenon. This "thaw" did not last long; in the 1970s, some of the most prominent authors were banned from publishing and prosecuted for their anti-Soviet sentiments.

The end of the 20th century was a difficult period for Russian literature, with few distinct voices. Among the most discussed authors of this period were Victor Pelevin, who gained popularity with short stories and novels, novelist and playwright Vladimir Sorokin, and the poet Dmitri Prigov. In the 21st century, a new generation of Russian authors appeared, differing greatly from the postmodernist Russian prose of the late 20th century, which lead critics to speak about "new realism".

Russian authors have significantly contributed to numerous literary genres. Russia has five Nobel Prize in literature laureates. As of 2011, Russia was the fourth largest book producer in the world in terms of published titles. A popular folk saying claims Russians are "the world's most reading nation".

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Matching Russian Language And Literature Colleges

Brigham Young University-Provo
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $5,460 average out-state tuition; $5,460 average in-state tuition
University of Missouri-Columbia
Four or more years; Public; $25,179 average out-state tuition; $8,460 average in-state tuition
Ohio State University-Main Campus
Four or more years; Public; $28,822 average out-state tuition; $9,718 average in-state tuition
University of Arizona
Four or more years; Public; $31,067 average out-state tuition; $10,262 average in-state tuition
Portland State University
Four or more years; Public; $24,750 average out-state tuition; $7,403 average in-state tuition
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Four or more years; Public; $33,523 average out-state tuition; $9,273 average in-state tuition
University of South Florida-Main Campus
Four or more years; Public; $15,473 average out-state tuition; $4,559 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Russian Language And Literature Majors

name award deadline

Boren Fellowship

National Security Education Program

Up to $24,000 January 29, 2020 See Details

Boren Fellowship

National Security Education Program

award

Up to $24,000

deadline

January 29, 2020
See Details

Myrna Lee Sprengler Memorial Scholarship

University of Iowa, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

$2,500 Varies See Details

Myrna Lee Sprengler Memorial Scholarship

University of Iowa, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

award

$2,500

deadline

Varies
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William and Effa McMeans Scholarship

University of Iowa, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

$2,000 Varies See Details

William and Effa McMeans Scholarship

University of Iowa, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

award

$2,000

deadline

Varies
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Robert W. Carithers Scholarship for Arts and Humanities

University of Southern Indiana

$2,000 Varies See Details

Robert W. Carithers Scholarship for Arts and Humanities

University of Southern Indiana

award

$2,000

deadline

Varies
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Arts and Science Alumni Affiliate Scholarship - Oakland University

Oakland University

$2,000 Varies See Details

Arts and Science Alumni Affiliate Scholarship - Oakland University

Oakland University

award

$2,000

deadline

Varies
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Doug and Dianne Taylor Scholarship

University of Montana, Missoula - College of Arts and Sciences

$1,100 Varies See Details

Doug and Dianne Taylor Scholarship

University of Montana, Missoula - College of Arts and Sciences

award

$1,100

deadline

Varies
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Michael Hodge Memorial Scholarship

Galveston College

$1,000 Varies See Details

Michael Hodge Memorial Scholarship

Galveston College

award

$1,000

deadline

Varies
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Humanities & Social Sciences Tiger Athletic Foundation Scholarship

Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, College of Arts and Science

$1,000 Varies See Details

Humanities & Social Sciences Tiger Athletic Foundation Scholarship

Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, College of Arts and Science

award

$1,000

deadline

Varies
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Catherine F. Vuozzo Scholarship

University of Maryland, College Park - College of Arts and Humanities

$1,000 Varies See Details

Catherine F. Vuozzo Scholarship

University of Maryland, College Park - College of Arts and Humanities

award

$1,000

deadline

Varies
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Alice McInnes Memorial Scholarship

San Joaquin Delta College

$1,000 Varies See Details

Alice McInnes Memorial Scholarship

San Joaquin Delta College

award

$1,000

deadline

Varies
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