Linguistics | Fastweb

Linguistics

Linguistics is the scientific study of human language. Linguistics can be broadly broken into three categories or subfields of study: language form, language meaning, and language in context.

The first is the study of language structure, or grammar. This focuses on the system of rules followed by the speakers (or hearers) of a language. It encompasses morphology (the formation and composition of words), syntax (the formation and composition of phrases and sentences from these words), and phonology (sound systems). Phonetics is a related branch of linguistics concerned with the actual properties of speech sounds and nonspeech sounds, and how they are produced and perceived.

The study of language meaning is concerned with how languages employ logical structures and real-world references to convey, process, and assign meaning, as well as to manage and resolve ambiguity. This subfield encompasses semantics (how meaning is inferred from words and concepts) and pragmatics (how meaning is inferred from context).

Language in its broader context includes evolutionary linguistics, which considers the origins of language; historical linguistics, which explores language change; sociolinguistics, which looks at the relation between linguistic variation and social structures; psycholinguistics, which explores the representation and function of language in the mind; neurolinguistics, which looks at language processing in the brain; language acquisition, how children or adults acquire language; and discourse analysis, which involves the structure of texts and conversations.

Although linguistics is the scientific study of language, a number of other intellectual disciplines are relevant to language and intersect with it. Semiotics, for example, is the general study of signs and symbols both within language and without. Literary theorists study the use of language in literature. Linguistics additionally draws on and informs work from such diverse fields as psychology, speech-language pathology, informatics, computer science, philosophy, biology, human anatomy, neuroscience, sociology, anthropology, and acoustics.

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Matching Linguistics Colleges

University of Washington-Seattle Campus
Four or more years; Public; $27,230 average out-state tuition; $9,746 average in-state tuition
Brigham Young University-Provo
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $4,560 average out-state tuition; $4,560 average in-state tuition
University of Florida
Four or more years; Public; $25,276 average out-state tuition; $4,060 average in-state tuition
University of California-Los Angeles
Four or more years; Public; $34,098 average out-state tuition; $11,220 average in-state tuition
University of California-Berkeley
Four or more years; Public; $34,098 average out-state tuition; $11,220 average in-state tuition
University of Massachusetts-Boston
Four or more years; Public; $9,758 average out-state tuition; $1,714 average in-state tuition
University of California-San Diego
Four or more years; Public; $34,098 average out-state tuition; $11,220 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Linguistics Majors

name award deadline

Ford Foundation Predoctoral Diversity Fellowship

National Research Council

$24,000 January 08, 2019 See Details

Ford Foundation Predoctoral Diversity Fellowship

National Research Council

award

$24,000

deadline

January 08, 2019
See Details

Boren Fellowship

National Security Education Program

Up to $24,000 January 30, 2019 See Details

Boren Fellowship

National Security Education Program

award

Up to $24,000

deadline

January 30, 2019
See Details

Samuel Cochran Endowed Generativity Scholarship

University of Texas, San Antonio

$1,000 February 15, 2019 See Details

Samuel Cochran Endowed Generativity Scholarship

University of Texas, San Antonio

award

$1,000

deadline

February 15, 2019
See Details

Jane Buttrey Memorial Scholarship

University of Montana Western

$500 January 01, 2019 See Details

Jane Buttrey Memorial Scholarship

University of Montana Western

award

$500

deadline

January 01, 2019
See Details

Bollinger-Barsch Foreign Language Scholarship

South Plains College

Up to $500 March 01, 2019 See Details

Bollinger-Barsch Foreign Language Scholarship

South Plains College

award

Up to $500

deadline

March 01, 2019
See Details

James R. Nattinger Graduate Teaching Fellowship

Portland State University - College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

Varies February 01, 2019 See Details

James R. Nattinger Graduate Teaching Fellowship

Portland State University - College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

award

Varies

deadline

February 01, 2019
See Details

Caroline Heath Tunstall-Elizabeth Calvert Page Dabney Scholarship

Old Dominion University

Varies February 15, 2019 See Details

Caroline Heath Tunstall-Elizabeth Calvert Page Dabney Scholarship

Old Dominion University

award

Varies

deadline

February 15, 2019
See Details

Margaret Pol Stock Scholarship

University of South Alabama

Up to $0 December 01, 2018 See Details

Margaret Pol Stock Scholarship

University of South Alabama

award

Up to $0

deadline

December 01, 2018
See Details