Materials Science

The interdisciplinary field of materials science, also commonly termed materials science and engineering is the design and discovery of new materials, particularly solids. The intellectual origins of materials science stem from the Enlightenment, when researchers began to use analytical thinking from chemistry, physics, and engineering to understand ancient, phenomenological observations in metallurgy and mineralogy. Materials science still incorporates elements of physics, chemistry, and engineering. As such, the field was long considered by academic institutions as a sub-field of these related fields. Beginning in the 1940s, materials science began to be more widely recognized as a specific and distinct field of science and engineering, and major technical universities around the world created dedicated schools of the study, within either the Science or Engineering schools, hence the naming.

Many of the most pressing scientific problems humans currently face are due to the limits of the materials that are available and how they are used. Thus, breakthroughs in materials science are likely to affect the future of technology significantly.

Materials scientists emphasize understanding how the history of a material (its processing) influences its structure, and thus the material's properties and performance. The understanding of processing-structure-properties relationships is called the § materials paradigm. This paradigm is used to advance understanding in a variety of research areas, including nanotechnology, biomaterials, and metallurgy. Materials science is also an important part of forensic engineering and failure analysis – investigating materials, products, structures or components which fail or do not function as intended, causing personal injury or damage to property. Such investigations are key to understanding, for example, the causes of various aviation accidents and incidents.

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Scholarships for Materials Science Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link
 

NSF SBIR Innovative Postdoctoral Entrepreneurial Fellowship (NSF I-PERF)

American Society for Engineering Education

Up to $78,000 Varies See Details
 

NSF SBIR Innovative Postdoctoral Entrepreneurial Fellowship (NSF I-PERF)

American Society for Engineering Education

award

Up to $78,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Churchill Scholarship

Winston Churchill Foundation of the United States

Up to $60,000 November 02, 2020 See Details
 

Churchill Scholarship

Winston Churchill Foundation of the United States

award

Up to $60,000

deadline

November 02, 2020
See Details
 

U.S. to Australia Fellowship

American Australian Association

Up to $40,000 October 15, 2020 See Details
 

U.S. to Australia Fellowship

American Australian Association

award

Up to $40,000

deadline

October 15, 2020
See Details
 

SMART Scholarship

Department of Defense

Up to $38,000 December 01, 2020 See Details
 

SMART Scholarship

Department of Defense

award

Up to $38,000

deadline

December 01, 2020
See Details
 

FIRST Scholarship - Boston University

FIRST

$25,000 January 01, 2021 See Details
 

FIRST Scholarship - Boston University

FIRST

award

$25,000

deadline

January 01, 2021
See Details
 

Air Force ROTC Express Scholarship

University of Iowa

$15,000 Varies See Details
 

Air Force ROTC Express Scholarship

University of Iowa

award

$15,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

FIRST Scholarship - University of Texas Arlington

FIRST

$12,000 February 01, 2021 See Details
 

FIRST Scholarship - University of Texas Arlington

FIRST

award

$12,000

deadline

February 01, 2021
See Details
 

Mas Family Scholarship

Mas Family Scholarships

Up to $10,000 Varies See Details
 

Mas Family Scholarship

Mas Family Scholarships

award

Up to $10,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Engineering Scholarship - Rice University

Rice University

$10,000 Varies See Details
 

Engineering Scholarship - Rice University

Rice University

award

$10,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

$10,000 December 02, 2020 See Details
 

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

award

$10,000

deadline

December 02, 2020
See Details