Materials Science

The interdisciplinary field of materials science, also commonly termed materials science and engineering is the design and discovery of new materials, particularly solids. The intellectual origins of materials science stem from the Enlightenment, when researchers began to use analytical thinking from chemistry, physics, and engineering to understand ancient, phenomenological observations in metallurgy and mineralogy. Materials science still incorporates elements of physics, chemistry, and engineering. As such, the field was long considered by academic institutions as a sub-field of these related fields. Beginning in the 1940s, materials science began to be more widely recognized as a specific and distinct field of science and engineering, and major technical universities around the world created dedicated schools of the study, within either the Science or Engineering schools, hence the naming.

Many of the most pressing scientific problems humans currently face are due to the limits of the materials that are available and how they are used. Thus, breakthroughs in materials science are likely to affect the future of technology significantly.

Materials scientists emphasize understanding how the history of a material (its processing) influences its structure, and thus the material's properties and performance. The understanding of processing-structure-properties relationships is called the § materials paradigm. This paradigm is used to advance understanding in a variety of research areas, including nanotechnology, biomaterials, and metallurgy. Materials science is also an important part of forensic engineering and failure analysis – investigating materials, products, structures or components which fail or do not function as intended, causing personal injury or damage to property. Such investigations are key to understanding, for example, the causes of various aviation accidents and incidents.

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Scholarships for Materials Science Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link
 

NSF SBIR Innovative Postdoctoral Entrepreneurial Fellowship (NSF I-PERF)

American Society for Engineering Education

Up to $78,000 Varies See Details
 

NSF SBIR Innovative Postdoctoral Entrepreneurial Fellowship (NSF I-PERF)

American Society for Engineering Education

award

Up to $78,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Air Force ROTC Express Scholarship

University of Iowa

$15,000 Varies See Details
 

Air Force ROTC Express Scholarship

University of Iowa

award

$15,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Phillips Engineering Scholarship

Cherokee Nation

$15,000 January 31, 2021 See Details
 

Phillips Engineering Scholarship

Cherokee Nation

award

$15,000

deadline

January 31, 2021
See Details
 

FIRST Scholarship - Bay Atlantic University

FIRST

$13,500 August 15, 2021 See Details
 

FIRST Scholarship - Bay Atlantic University

FIRST

award

$13,500

deadline

August 15, 2021
See Details
 

FIRST Scholarship - University of Texas Arlington

FIRST

$12,000 February 01, 2021 See Details
 

FIRST Scholarship - University of Texas Arlington

FIRST

award

$12,000

deadline

February 01, 2021
See Details
 

Mas Family Scholarship

Mas Family Scholarships

Up to $10,000 Varies See Details
 

Mas Family Scholarship

Mas Family Scholarships

award

Up to $10,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Engineering Scholarship - Rice University

Rice University

$10,000 Varies See Details
 

Engineering Scholarship - Rice University

Rice University

award

$10,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

FIRST Scholarship - Rice University

FIRST

$10,000 February 12, 2021 See Details
 

FIRST Scholarship - Rice University

FIRST

award

$10,000

deadline

February 12, 2021
See Details
 

FOSSI Scholarship

HBCU Week Foundation, Inc.

$10,000 February 15, 2021 See Details
 

FOSSI Scholarship

HBCU Week Foundation, Inc.

award

$10,000

deadline

February 15, 2021
See Details
 

Engineering Program Scholarship - Elon University

Elon University

$7,000 Varies See Details
 

Engineering Program Scholarship - Elon University

Elon University

award

$7,000

deadline

Varies
See Details