Materials Science

The interdisciplinary field of materials science, also commonly termed materials science and engineering is the design and discovery of new materials, particularly solids. The intellectual origins of materials science stem from the Enlightenment, when researchers began to use analytical thinking from chemistry, physics, and engineering to understand ancient, phenomenological observations in metallurgy and mineralogy. Materials science still incorporates elements of physics, chemistry, and engineering. As such, the field was long considered by academic institutions as a sub-field of these related fields. Beginning in the 1940s, materials science began to be more widely recognized as a specific and distinct field of science and engineering, and major technical universities around the world created dedicated schools of the study, within either the Science or Engineering schools, hence the naming.

Many of the most pressing scientific problems humans currently face are due to the limits of the materials that are available and how they are used. Thus, breakthroughs in materials science are likely to affect the future of technology significantly.

Materials scientists emphasize understanding how the history of a material (its processing) influences its structure, and thus the material's properties and performance. The understanding of processing-structure-properties relationships is called the § materials paradigm. This paradigm is used to advance understanding in a variety of research areas, including nanotechnology, biomaterials, and metallurgy. Materials science is also an important part of forensic engineering and failure analysis – investigating materials, products, structures or components which fail or do not function as intended, causing personal injury or damage to property. Such investigations are key to understanding, for example, the causes of various aviation accidents and incidents.

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Matching Materials Science Colleges

Scholarships for Materials Science Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link

ASEE/NSF Small Business Postdoctoral Research Diversity Fellowship

American Society for Engineering Education

Up to $75,000 Varies See Details

ASEE/NSF Small Business Postdoctoral Research Diversity Fellowship

American Society for Engineering Education

award

Up to $75,000

deadline

Varies
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U.S. to Australia Fellowship

American Australian Association

Up to $40,000 October 15, 2020 See Details

U.S. to Australia Fellowship

American Australian Association

award

Up to $40,000

deadline

October 15, 2020
See Details

Emmy Noether Award

Joe W. and Dorothy Dorsett Brown Foundation

$25,000 May 08, 2020 See Details

Emmy Noether Award

Joe W. and Dorothy Dorsett Brown Foundation

award

$25,000

deadline

May 08, 2020
See Details

Air Force ROTC Express Scholarship

University of Iowa

$15,000 Varies See Details

Air Force ROTC Express Scholarship

University of Iowa

award

$15,000

deadline

Varies
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Mas Family Scholarship

Mas Family Scholarships

Up to $10,000 Varies See Details

Mas Family Scholarship

Mas Family Scholarships

award

Up to $10,000

deadline

Varies
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Engineering Scholarship - Rice University

Rice University

$10,000 Varies See Details

Engineering Scholarship - Rice University

Rice University

award

$10,000

deadline

Varies
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FIRST Scholarship - University of Advancing Technology

FIRST

$10,000 May 15, 2020 See Details

FIRST Scholarship - University of Advancing Technology

FIRST

award

$10,000

deadline

May 15, 2020
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Engineering Program Scholarship - Elon University

Elon University

$7,000 Varies See Details

Engineering Program Scholarship - Elon University

Elon University

award

$7,000

deadline

Varies
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Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

Up to $7,000 Varies See Details

Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

award

Up to $7,000

deadline

Varies
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Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,000 Varies See Details

Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

award

$6,000

deadline

Varies
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