Meteorology

Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences which includes atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics, with a major focus on weather forecasting. The study of meteorology dates back millennia, though significant progress in meteorology did not occur until the 18th century. The 19th century saw modest progress in the field after weather observation networks were formed across broad regions. Prior attempts at prediction of weather depended on historical data. It was not until after the elucidation of the laws of physics and, more particularly, the development of the computer, allowing for the automated solution of a great many equations that model the weather, in the latter half of the 20th century that significant breakthroughs in weather forecasting were achieved.

Meteorological phenomena are observable weather events that are explained by the science of meteorology. Meteorological phenomena are described and quantified by the variables of Earth's atmosphere: temperature, air pressure, water vapour, mass flow, and the variations and interactions of those variables, and how they change over time. Different spatial scales are used to describe and predict weather on local, regional, and global levels.

Meteorology, climatology, atmospheric physics, and atmospheric chemistry are sub-disciplines of the atmospheric sciences. Meteorology and hydrology compose the interdisciplinary field of hydrometeorology. The interactions between Earth's atmosphere and its oceans are part of a coupled ocean-atmosphere system. Meteorology has application in many diverse fields such as the military, energy production, transport, agriculture, and construction.

The word meteorology is from the Ancient Greek μετέωρος metéōros (meteor) and -λογία -logia (-(o)logy), meaning "the study of things high in the air".

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Matching Meteorology Colleges

University of Oklahoma-Norman Campus

Four or more years; Public; $20,724 average out-state tuition; $4,920 average in-state tuition

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Four or more years; Public; $30,829 average out-state tuition; $11,750 average in-state tuition

Iowa State University

Four or more years; Public; $24,136 average out-state tuition; $8,324 average in-state tuition

Saint Cloud State University

Four or more years; Public; $16,679 average out-state tuition; $7,839 average in-state tuition

University of South Alabama

Four or more years; Public; $16,512 average out-state tuition; $8,256 average in-state tuition

Lyndon State College

Four or more years; Public; $22,800 average out-state tuition; $10,632 average in-state tuition

Northern Vermont University

Four or more years; Public; $25,680 average out-state tuition; $11,592 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Meteorology Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link
 

NASA ISGC Fellowship-PAID

NASA Idaho Space Grant Consortium

$44,000 March 08, 2024 See Details
 

NASA ISGC Fellowship-PAID

NASA Idaho Space Grant Consortium

award

$44,000

deadline

March 08, 2024
See Details
 

Edith Nourse Rogers STEM Scholarship

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

Up to $30,000 Varies See Details
 

Edith Nourse Rogers STEM Scholarship

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

award

Up to $30,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

SOLV Energy Women in Solar Scholarship

Solar Energy International (SEI)

$10,000 Varies See Details
 

SOLV Energy Women in Solar Scholarship

Solar Energy International (SEI)

award

$10,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

NSF S-STEM Scholarship

University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth

Up to $10,000 Varies See Details
 

NSF S-STEM Scholarship

University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth

award

Up to $10,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

EAGLES Scholarship - PSU

Portland State University

$10,000 Varies See Details
 

EAGLES Scholarship - PSU

Portland State University

award

$10,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Latinos in Technology Scholarship

Silicon Valley Community Foundation

Up to $10,000 February 29, 2024 See Details
 

Latinos in Technology Scholarship

Silicon Valley Community Foundation

award

Up to $10,000

deadline

February 29, 2024
See Details
 

Stribic-Martin Scholarship

University of Colorado at Boulder - College of Arts and Sciences

Up to $10,000 March 15, 2024 See Details
 

Stribic-Martin Scholarship

University of Colorado at Boulder - College of Arts and Sciences

award

Up to $10,000

deadline

March 15, 2024
See Details
 

Richard and Muriel Saunders Family Scholarship

Colorado Mesa University

$10,000 August 01, 2024 See Details
 

Richard and Muriel Saunders Family Scholarship

Colorado Mesa University

award

$10,000

deadline

August 01, 2024
See Details
 

Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

Up to $7,000 Varies See Details
 

Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

award

Up to $7,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Marjorie Skiff Rose Scholarship

University of Colorado Boulder

$7,000 March 15, 2024 See Details
 

Marjorie Skiff Rose Scholarship

University of Colorado Boulder

award

$7,000

deadline

March 15, 2024
See Details