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Meteorology

Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences which includes atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics, with a major focus on weather forecasting. The study of meteorology dates back millennia, though significant progress in meteorology did not occur until the 18th century. The 19th century saw modest progress in the field after weather observation networks were formed across broad regions. Prior attempts at prediction of weather depended on historical data. It was not until after the elucidation of the laws of physics and, more particularly, the development of the computer, allowing for the automated solution of a great many equations that model the weather, in the latter half of the 20th century that significant breakthroughs in weather forecasting were achieved.

Meteorological phenomena are observable weather events that are explained by the science of meteorology. Meteorological phenomena are described and quantified by the variables of Earth's atmosphere: temperature, air pressure, water vapour, mass flow, and the variations and interactions of those variables, and how they change over time. Different spatial scales are used to describe and predict weather on local, regional, and global levels.

Meteorology, climatology, atmospheric physics, and atmospheric chemistry are sub-disciplines of the atmospheric sciences. Meteorology and hydrology compose the interdisciplinary field of hydrometeorology. The interactions between Earth's atmosphere and its oceans are part of a coupled ocean-atmosphere system. Meteorology has application in many diverse fields such as the military, energy production, transport, agriculture, and construction.

The word meteorology is from the Ancient Greek μετέωρος metéōros (meteor) and -λογία -logia (-(o)logy), meaning "the study of things high in the air".

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Matching Meteorology Colleges

University of Oklahoma-Norman Campus
Four or more years; Public; $20,169 average out-state tuition; $4,788 average in-state tuition
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Four or more years; Public; $28,273 average out-state tuition; $11,093 average in-state tuition
Iowa State University
Four or more years; Public; $21,292 average out-state tuition; $7,456 average in-state tuition
Florida Institute of Technology
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $40,490 average out-state tuition; $40,490 average in-state tuition
Rutgers University-New Brunswick
Four or more years; Public; $27,560 average out-state tuition; $11,619 average in-state tuition
Central Michigan University
Four or more years; Public; $22,881 average out-state tuition; $12,093 average in-state tuition
Lyndon State College
Four or more years; Public; $22,800 average out-state tuition; $10,632 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Meteorology Majors

name award deadline

Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

Up to $7,000 Varies See Details

Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

award

Up to $7,000

deadline

Varies
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Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,000 Varies See Details

Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

award

$6,000

deadline

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Glen E. Ullyot Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

$6,000 Varies See Details

Glen E. Ullyot Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

award

$6,000

deadline

Varies
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Titmus Foundation Scholarship

Averett University

$5,000 Varies See Details

Titmus Foundation Scholarship

Averett University

award

$5,000

deadline

Varies
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Norman Family Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

$5,000 Varies See Details

Norman Family Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

award

$5,000

deadline

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Beverly McAllister Parker Scholarship

Southern Nazarene University, Department of Science

$5,000 Varies See Details

Beverly McAllister Parker Scholarship

Southern Nazarene University, Department of Science

award

$5,000

deadline

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Dr. William W.L. "Bill" Taylor Memorial Scholarship

INSPIRE - NASA

$4,000 Varies See Details

Dr. William W.L. "Bill" Taylor Memorial Scholarship

INSPIRE - NASA

award

$4,000

deadline

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Grace and Dr. CJ Meredith Scholarship

Valley City State University

$3,000 Varies See Details

Grace and Dr. CJ Meredith Scholarship

Valley City State University

award

$3,000

deadline

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Dr. Donald and Marjorie Meredith Scholarship

Valley City State University

Up to $3,000 Varies See Details

Dr. Donald and Marjorie Meredith Scholarship

Valley City State University

award

Up to $3,000

deadline

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Cyrus Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

Up to $5,000 Varies See Details

Cyrus Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

award

Up to $5,000

deadline

Varies
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