Meteorology

Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences which includes atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics, with a major focus on weather forecasting. The study of meteorology dates back millennia, though significant progress in meteorology did not occur until the 18th century. The 19th century saw modest progress in the field after weather observation networks were formed across broad regions. Prior attempts at prediction of weather depended on historical data. It was not until after the elucidation of the laws of physics and, more particularly, the development of the computer, allowing for the automated solution of a great many equations that model the weather, in the latter half of the 20th century that significant breakthroughs in weather forecasting were achieved.

Meteorological phenomena are observable weather events that are explained by the science of meteorology. Meteorological phenomena are described and quantified by the variables of Earth's atmosphere: temperature, air pressure, water vapour, mass flow, and the variations and interactions of those variables, and how they change over time. Different spatial scales are used to describe and predict weather on local, regional, and global levels.

Meteorology, climatology, atmospheric physics, and atmospheric chemistry are sub-disciplines of the atmospheric sciences. Meteorology and hydrology compose the interdisciplinary field of hydrometeorology. The interactions between Earth's atmosphere and its oceans are part of a coupled ocean-atmosphere system. Meteorology has application in many diverse fields such as the military, energy production, transport, agriculture, and construction.

The word meteorology is from the Ancient Greek μετέωρος metéōros (meteor) and -λογία -logia (-(o)logy), meaning "the study of things high in the air".

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Matching Meteorology Colleges

University of Oklahoma-Norman Campus

Four or more years; Public; $20,169 average out-state tuition; $4,788 average in-state tuition

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Four or more years; Public; $28,273 average out-state tuition; $11,093 average in-state tuition

Iowa State University

Four or more years; Public; $21,292 average out-state tuition; $7,456 average in-state tuition

Florida Institute of Technology

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $40,490 average out-state tuition; $40,490 average in-state tuition

Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Four or more years; Public; $27,560 average out-state tuition; $11,619 average in-state tuition

Central Michigan University

Four or more years; Public; $22,881 average out-state tuition; $12,093 average in-state tuition

Lyndon State College

Four or more years; Public; $22,800 average out-state tuition; $10,632 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Meteorology Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link
 

SMART Scholarship

Department of Defense

Up to $38,000 December 01, 2020 See Details
 

SMART Scholarship

Department of Defense

award

Up to $38,000

deadline

December 01, 2020
See Details
 

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

$10,000 December 02, 2020 See Details
 

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

award

$10,000

deadline

December 02, 2020
See Details
 

Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

Up to $7,000 Varies See Details
 

Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

award

Up to $7,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Marjorie Skiff Rose Scholarship

University of Colorado Boulder

$6,640 March 13, 2021 See Details
 

Marjorie Skiff Rose Scholarship

University of Colorado Boulder

award

$6,640

deadline

March 13, 2021
See Details
 

Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,000 Varies See Details
 

Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

award

$6,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Glen E. Ullyot Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

$6,000 Varies See Details
 

Glen E. Ullyot Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

award

$6,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Titmus Foundation Scholarship

Averett University

$5,000 Varies See Details
 

Titmus Foundation Scholarship

Averett University

award

$5,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Norman Family Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

$5,000 Varies See Details
 

Norman Family Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

award

$5,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Beverly McAllister Parker Scholarship

Southern Nazarene University, Department of Science

$5,000 Varies See Details
 

Beverly McAllister Parker Scholarship

Southern Nazarene University, Department of Science

award

$5,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

FIRST Scholarship - University of Advancing Technology

FIRST

$5,000 August 01, 2021 See Details
 

FIRST Scholarship - University of Advancing Technology

FIRST

award

$5,000

deadline

August 01, 2021
See Details