Organic Chemistry

Organic chemistry is the chemistry subdiscipline for the scientific study of structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials (materials that contain carbon atoms). Study of structure determines their chemical composition and formula. Study of properties includes physical and chemical properties, and evaluation of chemical reactivity to understand their behavior. The study of organic reactions includes the chemical synthesis of natural products, drugs, and polymers, and study of individual organic molecules in the laboratory and via theoretical (in silico) study.

The range of chemicals studied in organic chemistry include hydrocarbons (compounds containing only carbon and hydrogen), as well as compounds based on carbon, but also containing other elements, especially oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus (included in many biochemicals) and the halogens.

In the modern era, the range extends further into the periodic table, with main group elements, including:

In addition, contemporary research focuses on organic chemistry involving other organometallics including the lanthanides, but especially the transition metals zinc, copper, palladium, nickel, cobalt, titanium and chromium.

Organic compounds form the basis of all earthly life and constitute the majority of known chemicals. The bonding patterns of carbon, with its valence of four—formal single, double, and triple bonds, plus structures with delocalized electrons—make the array of organic compounds structurally diverse, and their range of applications enormous. They form the basis of, or are constituents of, many commercial products including pharmaceuticals; petrochemicals and agrichemicals, and products made from them including lubricants, solvents; plastics; fuels and explosives. The study of organic chemistry overlaps organometallic chemistry and biochemistry, but also with medicinal chemistry, polymer chemistry, and materials science.

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Matching Organic Chemistry Colleges

Iowa State University

Four or more years; Public; $21,292 average out-state tuition; $7,456 average in-state tuition

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Four or more years; Public

Scholarships for Organic Chemistry Majors

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SMART Scholarship

Department of Defense

Up to $38,000 December 01, 2020 See Details
 

SMART Scholarship

Department of Defense

award

Up to $38,000

deadline

December 01, 2020
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President's Scholarship - Texas Wesleyan University

Texas Wesleyan University

Up to $12,000 Varies See Details
 

President's Scholarship - Texas Wesleyan University

Texas Wesleyan University

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Up to $12,000

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ACS-Hach Land Grant Undergraduate Scholarship

American Chemical Society

$10,000 Varies See Details
 

ACS-Hach Land Grant Undergraduate Scholarship

American Chemical Society

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$10,000

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Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

$10,000 December 02, 2020 See Details
 

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

award

$10,000

deadline

December 02, 2020
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Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

Up to $7,000 Varies See Details
 

Barry Goldwater Scholarship

Idaho State University

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Up to $7,000

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Chemistry Advantage Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,700 Varies See Details
 

Chemistry Advantage Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

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$6,700

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Marjorie Skiff Rose Scholarship

University of Colorado Boulder

$6,640 March 13, 2021 See Details
 

Marjorie Skiff Rose Scholarship

University of Colorado Boulder

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$6,640

deadline

March 13, 2021
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Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,000 Varies See Details
 

Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

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$6,000

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Glen E. Ullyot Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

$6,000 Varies See Details
 

Glen E. Ullyot Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

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$6,000

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Dr. Richard H. Jesse Family Scholarship

University of Montana, Missoula - College of Arts and Sciences

$5,300 Varies See Details
 

Dr. Richard H. Jesse Family Scholarship

University of Montana, Missoula - College of Arts and Sciences

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$5,300

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