Crop Production

Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The study of agriculture is known as agricultural science. The history of agriculture dates back thousands of years; people gathered wild grains at least 105,000 years ago and began to plant them around 11,500 years ago before they became domesticated. Pigs, sheep, and cattle were domesticated over 10,000 years ago. Crops originate from at least 11 regions of the world. Industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture has in the past century come to dominate agricultural output, though about 2 billion people worldwide still depend on subsistence agriculture.

Modern agronomy, plant breeding, agrochemicals such as pesticides and fertilizers, and technological developments have sharply increased yields from cultivation, but at the same time have caused widespread ecological and environmental damage. Selective breeding and modern practices in animal husbandry have similarly increased the output of meat, but have raised concerns about animal welfare and environmental damage through contributions to global warming, depletion of aquifers, deforestation, antibiotic resistance, and growth hormones in industrially produced meat. Genetically modified organisms are widely used, although they are banned in several countries.

The major agricultural products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers, fuels, and raw materials (such as rubber). Classes of foods include cereals (grains), vegetables, fruits, oils, meat, milk, fungi and eggs. Over one-third of the world's workers are employed in agriculture, second only to the service sector, although the number of agricultural workers in developed countries has decreased significantly over the past several centuries.

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Matching Crop Production Colleges

North Dakota State University-Main Campus

Four or more years; Public; $19,227 average out-state tuition; $7,201 average in-state tuition

North Carolina State University at Raleigh

Four or more years; Public; $24,883 average out-state tuition; $6,535 average in-state tuition

Modesto Junior College

Four or more years; Public; $6,720 average out-state tuition; $1,104 average in-state tuition

Ohio State University Agricultural Technical Institute

At least 2 but less than 4 years; Public; $25,980 average out-state tuition; $6,876 average in-state tuition

Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College

Four or more years; Public; $9,239 average out-state tuition; $2,501 average in-state tuition

Bakersfield College

Four or more years; Public; $7,224 average out-state tuition; $1,288 average in-state tuition

Walla Walla Community College

At least 2 but less than 4 years; Public; $5,955 average out-state tuition; $4,455 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Crop Production Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link
 

Bill Emerson National Hunger Fellowship

Congressional Hunger Center

$36,000 January 11, 2021 See Details
 

Bill Emerson National Hunger Fellowship

Congressional Hunger Center

award

$36,000

deadline

January 11, 2021
See Details
 

Diversity in Food and Natural Resources Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

Up to $15,000 Varies See Details
 

Diversity in Food and Natural Resources Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

award

Up to $15,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Agricultural Advancement Scholarship

Farm Credit Foundation for Agricultural Advancement

$10,000 January 08, 2021 See Details
 

Agricultural Advancement Scholarship

Farm Credit Foundation for Agricultural Advancement

award

$10,000

deadline

January 08, 2021
See Details
 

Winning Has Roots Scholarship

Bayer Corporation

$6,400 January 14, 2021 See Details
 

Winning Has Roots Scholarship

Bayer Corporation

award

$6,400

deadline

January 14, 2021
See Details
 

Robin Coulter Lapaseotes Memorial Scholarship

University of Nebraska - Lincoln - Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources

$6,000 January 04, 2021 See Details
 

Robin Coulter Lapaseotes Memorial Scholarship

University of Nebraska - Lincoln - Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources

award

$6,000

deadline

January 04, 2021
See Details
 

General Agriculture Scholarship - Austin Peay State University

Austin Peay State University

$4,740 March 01, 2021 See Details
 

General Agriculture Scholarship - Austin Peay State University

Austin Peay State University

award

$4,740

deadline

March 01, 2021
See Details
 

Paul A. Funk Foundation Incoming Freshman Scholarship

Illinois State University - College of Applied Science and Technology

$3,000 Varies See Details
 

Paul A. Funk Foundation Incoming Freshman Scholarship

Illinois State University - College of Applied Science and Technology

award

$3,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

San Antonio Livestock Exposition Scholarship

Sam Houston State University - College of Arts and Sciences

$2,500 Varies See Details
 

San Antonio Livestock Exposition Scholarship

Sam Houston State University - College of Arts and Sciences

award

$2,500

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Kenneth R. Imig Scholarship

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, College of ACES

$2,500 Varies See Details
 

Kenneth R. Imig Scholarship

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, College of ACES

award

$2,500

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Charles Ennis Rice Agricultural Scholarship

Arizona Western College

Up to $2,500 Varies See Details
 

Charles Ennis Rice Agricultural Scholarship

Arizona Western College

award

Up to $2,500

deadline

Varies
See Details