Agriculture

Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The study of agriculture is known as agricultural science. The history of agriculture dates back thousands of years; people gathered wild grains at least 105,000 years ago and began to plant them around 11,500 years ago before they became domesticated. Pigs, sheep, and cattle were domesticated over 10,000 years ago. Crops originate from at least 11 regions of the world. Industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture has in the past century come to dominate agricultural output, though about 2 billion people worldwide still depend on subsistence agriculture.

Modern agronomy, plant breeding, agrochemicals such as pesticides and fertilizers, and technological developments have sharply increased yields from cultivation, but at the same time have caused widespread ecological and environmental damage. Selective breeding and modern practices in animal husbandry have similarly increased the output of meat, but have raised concerns about animal welfare and environmental damage through contributions to global warming, depletion of aquifers, deforestation, antibiotic resistance, and growth hormones in industrially produced meat. Genetically modified organisms are widely used, although they are banned in several countries.

The major agricultural products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers, fuels, and raw materials (such as rubber). Classes of foods include cereals (grains), vegetables, fruits, oils, meat, milk, fungi and eggs. Over one-third of the world's workers are employed in agriculture, second only to the service sector, although the number of agricultural workers in developed countries has decreased significantly over the past several centuries.

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Matching Agriculture Colleges

Illinois State University

Four or more years; Public; $16,416 average out-state tuition; $10,116 average in-state tuition

The University of Tennessee-Martin

Four or more years; Public; $13,578 average out-state tuition; $7,818 average in-state tuition

Tarleton State University

Four or more years; Public; $13,752 average out-state tuition; $4,008 average in-state tuition

Western Illinois University

Four or more years; Public; $8,630 average out-state tuition; $8,630 average in-state tuition

Oregon State University

Four or more years; Public; $27,735 average out-state tuition; $9,075 average in-state tuition

Ivy Tech Community College

At least 2 but less than 4 years; Public; $8,091 average out-state tuition; $4,135 average in-state tuition

Western Kentucky University

Four or more years; Public; $25,512 average out-state tuition; $10,202 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Agriculture Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link
 

Thomas H. Smouse Memorial Fellowship

American Oil Chemist's Society

Up to $15,000 January 15, 2021 See Details
 

Thomas H. Smouse Memorial Fellowship

American Oil Chemist's Society

award

Up to $15,000

deadline

January 15, 2021
See Details
 

Diversity in Food and Natural Resources Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

Up to $15,000 Varies See Details
 

Diversity in Food and Natural Resources Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

award

Up to $15,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Colorado Farm Show Rolling Scholarship

Colorado Farm Show

$4,000 November 01, 2020 See Details
 

Colorado Farm Show Rolling Scholarship

Colorado Farm Show

award

$4,000

deadline

November 01, 2020
See Details
 

Paul A. Funk Foundation Incoming Freshman Scholarship

Illinois State University - College of Applied Science and Technology

$3,000 Varies See Details
 

Paul A. Funk Foundation Incoming Freshman Scholarship

Illinois State University - College of Applied Science and Technology

award

$3,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

San Antonio Livestock Exposition Scholarship

Sam Houston State University - College of Arts and Sciences

$2,500 Varies See Details
 

San Antonio Livestock Exposition Scholarship

Sam Houston State University - College of Arts and Sciences

award

$2,500

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Kenneth R. Imig Scholarship

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, College of ACES

$2,500 Varies See Details
 

Kenneth R. Imig Scholarship

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, College of ACES

award

$2,500

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Charles Ennis Rice Agricultural Scholarship

Arizona Western College

Up to $2,500 Varies See Details
 

Charles Ennis Rice Agricultural Scholarship

Arizona Western College

award

Up to $2,500

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Adam Ginther Memorial Scholarship

Northeastern Junior College

Up to $5,000 September 30, 2020 See Details
 

Adam Ginther Memorial Scholarship

Northeastern Junior College

award

Up to $5,000

deadline

September 30, 2020
See Details
 

National Sorghum Foundation - BASF Joint Scholarship

National Sorghum Producers (NSP)

$2,500 December 01, 2020 See Details
 

National Sorghum Foundation - BASF Joint Scholarship

National Sorghum Producers (NSP)

award

$2,500

deadline

December 01, 2020
See Details
 

NCGA Graduate Student Scholarship

National Corn Growers Association

$2,500 December 04, 2020 See Details
 

NCGA Graduate Student Scholarship

National Corn Growers Association

award

$2,500

deadline

December 04, 2020
See Details