Agriculture | Fastweb

Agriculture

Agriculture (also called farming or husbandry) is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life. Agriculture was the key implement in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of civilization. The study of agriculture is known as agricultural science. Agriculture is also observed in certain species of ant and termite, but generally speaking refers to human activities.

The history of agriculture dates back thousands of years, and its development has been driven and defined by greatly different climates, cultures, and technologies. However, all farming generally relies on techniques to expand and maintain the lands suitable for raising domesticated species. For plants, this usually requires some form of irrigation, although there are methods of dryland farming; pastoral herding on rangeland is still the most common means of raising livestock. In the developed world, industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture has become the dominant system of modern farming, although there is growing support for sustainable agriculture (e.g. permaculture or organic agriculture).

Modern agronomy, plant breeding, pesticides and fertilizers, and technological improvements have sharply increased yields from cultivation, but at the same time have caused widespread ecological damage and negative human health effects.Selective breeding and modern practices in animal husbandry such as intensive pig farming have similarly increased the output of meat, but have raised concerns about animal cruelty and the health effects of the antibiotics, growth hormones, and other chemicals commonly used in industrial meat production.

The major agricultural products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers, fuels, and raw materials. In the 21st century, plants have been used to grow biofuels, biopharmaceuticals, bioplastics, and pharmaceuticals. Specific foods include cereals, vegetables, fruits, and meat. Fibers include cotton, wool, hemp, silk and flax. Raw materials include lumber and bamboo. Other useful materials are produced by plants, such as resins. Biofuels include methane from biomass, ethanol, and biodiesel. Cut flowers, nursery plants, tropical fish and birds for the pet trade are some of the ornamental products.

In 2007, one third of the world's workers were employed in agriculture. The services sector has overtaken agriculture as the economic sector employing the most people worldwide. Despite the size of its workforce, agricultural production accounts for less than five percent of the gross world product (an aggregate of all gross domestic products).

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Matching Agriculture Colleges

California State University-Fresno
Four or more years; Public; $16,632 average out-state tuition; $5,472 average in-state tuition
Purdue University-Main Campus
Four or more years; Public; $27,061 average out-state tuition; $8,893 average in-state tuition
Western Illinois University
Four or more years; Public; $10,538 average out-state tuition; $7,026 average in-state tuition
Illinois State University
Four or more years; Public; $15,153 average out-state tuition; $8,711 average in-state tuition
Western Kentucky University
Four or more years; Public; $20,016 average out-state tuition; $8,084 average in-state tuition
Murray State University
Four or more years; Public; $16,968 average out-state tuition; $5,652 average in-state tuition
The University of Tennessee-Martin
Four or more years; Public; $18,050 average out-state tuition; $5,640 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Agriculture Majors

name award deadline

Bill Emerson National Hunger Fellowship

Congressional Hunger Center

$36,000 January 14, 2019 See Details

Bill Emerson National Hunger Fellowship

Congressional Hunger Center

award

$36,000

deadline

January 14, 2019
See Details

Agricultural Advancement Scholarship

Farm Credit Foundation for Agricultural Advancement

$10,000 January 11, 2019 See Details

Agricultural Advancement Scholarship

Farm Credit Foundation for Agricultural Advancement

award

$10,000

deadline

January 11, 2019
See Details

Roger Gregory Jr. and Emma E. Gregory Memorial Scholarship

Colonial Agricultural Educational Foundation, Inc.

$6,000 March 01, 2019 See Details

Roger Gregory Jr. and Emma E. Gregory Memorial Scholarship

Colonial Agricultural Educational Foundation, Inc.

award

$6,000

deadline

March 01, 2019
See Details

Soy Scholarship

American Soybean Association

$5,000 November 19, 2018 See Details

Soy Scholarship

American Soybean Association

award

$5,000

deadline

November 19, 2018
See Details

Ben Garrett Endowment Scholarship

Colonial Agricultural Educational Foundation, Inc.

$4,000 March 01, 2019 See Details

Ben Garrett Endowment Scholarship

Colonial Agricultural Educational Foundation, Inc.

award

$4,000

deadline

March 01, 2019
See Details

James C. Ware Memorial Scholarship

Northwest Missouri State University

$4,000 May 01, 2019 See Details

James C. Ware Memorial Scholarship

Northwest Missouri State University

award

$4,000

deadline

May 01, 2019
See Details

Tom Goerger Memorial Endowment Scholarship

Colonial Agricultural Educational Foundation, Inc.

$2,700 March 01, 2019 See Details

Tom Goerger Memorial Endowment Scholarship

Colonial Agricultural Educational Foundation, Inc.

award

$2,700

deadline

March 01, 2019
See Details

Smithfield Jr. Market Hog Show Endowment Scholarship

Colonial Agricultural Educational Foundation, Inc.

$2,700 March 01, 2019 See Details

Smithfield Jr. Market Hog Show Endowment Scholarship

Colonial Agricultural Educational Foundation, Inc.

award

$2,700

deadline

March 01, 2019
See Details

George and Harriett Cleveland Scholarship

Hillsdale County Community Foundation

$2,500 March 01, 2019 See Details

George and Harriett Cleveland Scholarship

Hillsdale County Community Foundation

award

$2,500

deadline

March 01, 2019
See Details

Bayer Crop Science Scholarship

Northwest Missouri State University

$2,500 May 01, 2019 See Details

Bayer Crop Science Scholarship

Northwest Missouri State University

award

$2,500

deadline

May 01, 2019
See Details