Randolph is a town in Orange County, Vermont, United States. The population was 1974 at the 2010 census, making Randolph the largest town in Orange County. The town is a commercial center for many of the smaller, rural farming communities that surround it.
When the area was originally settled there were three villages—Randolph Center, East Randolph and West Randolph--the current locations of the three fire departments. What is now the central village of the current town had previously been the village of West Randolph.