Stringed Instruments

String instruments, stringed instruments, or chordophones are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner.

Musicians play some string instruments by plucking the strings with their fingers or a plectrum—and others by hitting the strings with a light wooden hammer or by rubbing the strings with a bow. In some keyboard instruments, such as the harpsichord, the musician presses a key that plucks the string.

With bowed instruments, the player rubs the strings with a horsehair bow, causing them to vibrate. With a hurdy-gurdy, the musician operates a mechanical wheel that rubs the strings.

Bowed instruments include the string section instruments of the Classical music orchestra (violin, viola, cello and double bass) and a number of other instruments (e.g., viols and gambas used in early music from the Baroque music era and fiddles used in many types of folk music). All of the bowed string instruments can also be plucked with the fingers, a technique called "pizzicato". A wide variety of techniques are used to sound notes on the electric guitar, including plucking with the fingernails or a plectrum, strumming and even "tapping" on the fingerboard and using feedback from a loud, distorted guitar amplifier to produce a sustained sound. Some types of string instrument are mainly plucked, such as the harp and the electric bass. In the Hornbostel-Sachs scheme of musical instrument classification, used in organology, string instruments are called chordophones. Other examples include the sitar, rebab, banjo, mandolin, ukulele, and bouzouki.

In most string instruments, the vibrations are transmitted to the body of the instrument, which often incorporates some sort of hollow or enclosed area. The body of the instrument also vibrates, along with the air inside it. The vibration of the body of the instrument and the enclosed hollow or chamber make the vibration of the string more audible to the performer and audience. The body of most string instruments is hollow. Some, however—such as electric guitar and other instruments that rely on electronic amplification—may have a solid wood body.

* Description and images provided by Wikipedia under CC-BY-SA 3.0 license .

Matching Stringed Instruments Colleges

The Juilliard School

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $43,170 average out-state tuition; $43,170 average in-state tuition

The New England Conservatory of Music

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $46,100 average out-state tuition; $46,100 average in-state tuition

Manhattan School of Music

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $44,000 average out-state tuition; $44,000 average in-state tuition

Rice University

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $44,900 average out-state tuition; $44,900 average in-state tuition

San Francisco Conservatory of Music

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $43,700 average out-state tuition; $43,700 average in-state tuition

University of Southern California

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $53,448 average out-state tuition; $53,448 average in-state tuition

Northwestern University

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $52,239 average out-state tuition; $52,239 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Stringed Instruments Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link
 

Homecoming Scholars Award

BeyGOOD

$25,000 Varies See Details
 

Homecoming Scholars Award

BeyGOOD

award

$25,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Fine Arts Fellowship - Wabash College

Wabash College

Up to $15,000 Varies See Details
 

Fine Arts Fellowship - Wabash College

Wabash College

award

Up to $15,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Donald B. Plott Scholarship

Davidson College - Endowed Scholarships

$15,000 January 11, 2021 See Details
 

Donald B. Plott Scholarship

Davidson College - Endowed Scholarships

award

$15,000

deadline

January 11, 2021
See Details
 

Lawrence M. and Louise Kresge Isaacs Endowment for Music

Susquehanna University

Up to $12,000 Varies See Details
 

Lawrence M. and Louise Kresge Isaacs Endowment for Music

Susquehanna University

award

Up to $12,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Filene Music Scholarship

Skidmore College

$12,000 Varies See Details
 

Filene Music Scholarship

Skidmore College

award

$12,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Thomas Mishler Music Scholarship

New Mexico Highlands University

$8,268 February 15, 2021 See Details
 

Thomas Mishler Music Scholarship

New Mexico Highlands University

award

$8,268

deadline

February 15, 2021
See Details
 

Musical Merit Scholarship

Bryan College

$8,000 Varies See Details
 

Musical Merit Scholarship

Bryan College

award

$8,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Music Scholarship - Corban University

Corban University

Up to $7,000 Varies See Details
 

Music Scholarship - Corban University

Corban University

award

Up to $7,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Marjorie Skiff Rose Scholarship

University of Colorado Boulder

$6,640 March 13, 2021 See Details
 

Marjorie Skiff Rose Scholarship

University of Colorado Boulder

award

$6,640

deadline

March 13, 2021
See Details
 

Iowa Center for the Arts Scholarship

University of Iowa, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

$6,500 Varies See Details
 

Iowa Center for the Arts Scholarship

University of Iowa, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

award

$6,500

deadline

Varies
See Details