Stringed Instruments | Fastweb

Stringed Instruments

String instruments, stringed instruments, or chordophones are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner.

Musicians play some string instruments by plucking the strings with their fingers or a plectrum—and others by hitting the strings with a light wooden hammer or by rubbing the strings with a bow. In some keyboard instruments, such as the harpsichord, the musician presses a key that plucks the string.

With bowed instruments, the player rubs the strings with a horsehair bow, causing them to vibrate. With a hurdy-gurdy, the musician operates a mechanical wheel that rubs the strings.

Bowed instruments include the string section instruments of the Classical music orchestra (violin, viola, cello and double bass) and a number of other instruments (e.g., viols and gambas used in early music from the Baroque music era and fiddles used in many types of folk music). All of the bowed string instruments can also be plucked with the fingers, a technique called "pizzicato". A wide variety of techniques are used to sound notes on the electric guitar, including plucking with the fingernails or a plectrum, strumming and even "tapping" on the fingerboard and using feedback from a loud, distorted guitar amplifier to produce a sustained sound. Some types of string instrument are mainly plucked, such as the harp and the electric bass. In the Hornbostel-Sachs scheme of musical instrument classification, used in organology, string instruments are called chordophones. Other examples include the sitar, rebab, banjo, mandolin, ukulele, and bouzouki.

In most string instruments, the vibrations are transmitted to the body of the instrument, which often incorporates some sort of hollow or enclosed area. The body of the instrument also vibrates, along with the air inside it. The vibration of the body of the instrument and the enclosed hollow or chamber make the vibration of the string more audible to the performer and audience. The body of most string instruments is hollow. Some, however—such as electric guitar and other instruments that rely on electronic amplification—may have a solid wood body.

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Matching Stringed Instruments Colleges

The Juilliard School
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $43,170 average out-state tuition; $43,170 average in-state tuition
The New England Conservatory of Music
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $46,100 average out-state tuition; $46,100 average in-state tuition
Manhattan School of Music
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $44,000 average out-state tuition; $44,000 average in-state tuition
Rice University
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $44,900 average out-state tuition; $44,900 average in-state tuition
San Francisco Conservatory of Music
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $43,700 average out-state tuition; $43,700 average in-state tuition
University of Southern California
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $53,448 average out-state tuition; $53,448 average in-state tuition
Northwestern University
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $52,239 average out-state tuition; $52,239 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Stringed Instruments Majors

name award deadline

Homecoming Scholars Award

BeyGOOD

$25,000 Varies See Details

Homecoming Scholars Award

BeyGOOD

award

$25,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Fine Arts Fellowship - Wabash College

Wabash College

Up to $15,000 Varies See Details

Fine Arts Fellowship - Wabash College

Wabash College

award

Up to $15,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Lawrence M. and Louise Kresge Isaacs Endowment for Music

Susquehanna University

Up to $12,000 Varies See Details

Lawrence M. and Louise Kresge Isaacs Endowment for Music

Susquehanna University

award

Up to $12,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Filene Music Scholarship

Skidmore College

$12,000 Varies See Details

Filene Music Scholarship

Skidmore College

award

$12,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Musical Merit Scholarship

Bryan College

$8,000 Varies See Details

Musical Merit Scholarship

Bryan College

award

$8,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Music Scholarship - Corban University

Corban University

Up to $7,000 Varies See Details

Music Scholarship - Corban University

Corban University

award

Up to $7,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Iowa Center for the Arts Scholarship

University of Iowa, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

$6,500 Varies See Details

Iowa Center for the Arts Scholarship

University of Iowa, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

award

$6,500

deadline

Varies
See Details

Center for the Performing Arts Scholarship

University of Mobile

Up to $6,000 Varies See Details

Center for the Performing Arts Scholarship

University of Mobile

award

Up to $6,000

deadline

Varies
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Einar and Eva Lund Haugen Memorial Scholarship

Norwegian-American Historical Society

$6,000 December 01, 2019 See Details

Einar and Eva Lund Haugen Memorial Scholarship

Norwegian-American Historical Society

award

$6,000

deadline

December 01, 2019
See Details

Harry and Florence Wornick Endowment Fund

Jewish Family and Children's Services

Up to $5,800 Varies See Details

Harry and Florence Wornick Endowment Fund

Jewish Family and Children's Services

award

Up to $5,800

deadline

Varies
See Details