Sports Studies

Sociology of sport, alternately referred to as sports sociology, is a sub-discipline of sociology which focuses on sports as social phenomena. It is an area of study concerned with various socio-cultural structures, patterns, and organizations or groups involved with sport.

There are many perspectives through which sport can be viewed. Therefore, very often some binary divisions are stressed, such as: professional vs. amateur, mass vs. top-level, active vs. passive/spectator, men vs. women, sports vs. play (as an antithesis to organized and institutionalized activity). Following feminist or other reflexive and tradition-breaking paradigms sports are sometimes studied as contested activities, i.e. as activities in the centre of various people/groups interests (connection of sports and gender, mass media, or state-politics).

In most premodern societies, the gender role for females and males in sports was reinforced at a young age. The sociology that formed surrounding sports enforced the idea that sports were too masculine for women and are encouraged to play noncompetitive games while men were able to compete. The impact of sports and games was to prepare young children for adulthood. The separation between the roles of men and women in a society of sports is expressed through media and gender identity. On media, the sports viewership varies by gender. Men's sports are more prominent in the media versus women's sports and the sports broadcast vary. On NCAA news, the text and text space greater than 2:1 coverage of men’s sports over women’s, the pictures are around 2:1 male athletes over female athletes. For males the sports typically include football, hockey, baseball, soccer, basketball, pro wrestling and boxing, while women's sports covers figure skating, gymnastics, skiing, and diving. There is a contrast in the sports for each gender: the men's sports include confrontative, combative coordination and the women's sports are less aggressive and more individual and stylish. Participation in “masculine” sports creates gender identity conflict for females, likewise participation in “feminine” sports creates gender identity conflict for males.

The emergence of the sociology of sport (though not the name itself) dates from the end of the 19th century, when first social psychological experiments dealing with group effects of competition and pace-making took place. Besides cultural anthropology and its interest in games in the human culture, one of the first efforts to think about sports in a more general way was Johan Huizinga's Homo Ludens or Thorstein Veblen's Theory of the Leisure Class. In 1970, sports sociology gained significant attention as an organized, legitimate field of study. The North American Society for the Sociology of Sport was formed in 1978 with the objective of studying the field. Its research outlet, the Sociology of Sport Journal, was formed in 1984.

Today, most sports sociologists identify with at least one of four essential theories that define the relationship between sports and society, namely structural functionalism, conflict theory, critical theory, and symbolic interactionism.

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Matching Sports Studies Colleges

National University

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $13,320 average out-state tuition; $13,320 average in-state tuition

Western Kentucky University

Four or more years; Public; $27,000 average out-state tuition; $10,992 average in-state tuition

East Carolina University

Four or more years; Public; $20,729 average out-state tuition; $4,452 average in-state tuition

Manhattanville College

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $38,880 average out-state tuition; $38,880 average in-state tuition

Adams State University

Four or more years; Public; $14,229 average out-state tuition; $5,976 average in-state tuition

University of Western States

Four or more years; Private not for profit

St. Thomas Aquinas College

Four or more years; Private not for profit; $34,500 average out-state tuition; $34,500 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Sports Studies Majors

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Michael Moody Fitness Scholarship

Michael Moody Fitness

$1,500 August 01, 2024 See Details
 

Michael Moody Fitness Scholarship

Michael Moody Fitness

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$1,500

deadline

August 01, 2024
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St. Marianne Cope Scholarship

Saint Bonaventure University

$1,000 Varies See Details
 

St. Marianne Cope Scholarship

Saint Bonaventure University

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$1,000

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Otto and Martha Krauss Health Sciences Scholarship

Kirtland Community College

$1,000 July 07, 2024 See Details
 

Otto and Martha Krauss Health Sciences Scholarship

Kirtland Community College

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$1,000

deadline

July 07, 2024
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Swing Big for Students Scholarship

Pellissippi State Technical Community College

$1,000 February 28, 2025 See Details
 

Swing Big for Students Scholarship

Pellissippi State Technical Community College

award

$1,000

deadline

February 28, 2025
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Martha J. Branch Scholarship

Michael and Lauren Branch

$750 June 28, 2024 See Details
 

Martha J. Branch Scholarship

Michael and Lauren Branch

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$750

deadline

June 28, 2024
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University of Colorado Physical Therapy Program Merit Scholarship

University Of Colorado-Anschutz Medical Campus

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University of Colorado Physical Therapy Program Merit Scholarship

University Of Colorado-Anschutz Medical Campus

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University of Colorado Medicine Scholarship-Physical Therapy

University Of Colorado-Anschutz Medical Campus

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University of Colorado Medicine Scholarship-Physical Therapy

University Of Colorado-Anschutz Medical Campus

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The Dr. Robert N. Horrocks, Dr. Daniel B. Switchenko and Dr. Neil Williams Founders of Health and Ph

Eastern Connecticut State University

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The Dr. Robert N. Horrocks, Dr. Daniel B. Switchenko and Dr. Neil Williams Founders of Health and Ph

Eastern Connecticut State University

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Scott Murray Sports Broadcast Scholarship

National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences - Lone Star Chapter

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Scott Murray Sports Broadcast Scholarship

National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences - Lone Star Chapter

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Ruth Soules Memorial Scholarship

Finger Lakes Health Foundation

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Ruth Soules Memorial Scholarship

Finger Lakes Health Foundation

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