Natural Sciences

Natural science is a branch of science concerned with the description, prediction, and understanding of natural phenomena, based on empirical evidence from observation and experimentation. Mechanisms such as peer review and repeatability of findings are used to try to ensure the validity of scientific advances.

Natural science can be divided into two main branches: life science (or biological science) and physical science. Physical science is subdivided into branches, including physics, chemistry, astronomy and earth science. These branches of natural science may be further divided into more specialized branches (also known as fields).

In Western society's analytic tradition, the empirical sciences and especially natural sciences use tools from formal sciences, such as mathematics and logic, converting information about nature into measurements which can be explained as clear statements of the "laws of nature". The social sciences also use such methods, but rely more on qualitative research, so that they are sometimes called "soft science", whereas natural sciences, insofar as they emphasize quantifiable data produced, tested, and confirmed through the scientific method, are sometimes called "hard science".

Modern natural science succeeded more classical approaches to natural philosophy, usually traced to ancient Greece. Galileo, Descartes, Bacon, and Newton debated the benefits of using approaches which were more mathematical and more experimental in a methodical way. Still, philosophical perspectives, conjectures, and presuppositions, often overlooked, remain necessary in natural science. Systematic data collection, including discovery science, succeeded natural history, which emerged in the 16th century by describing and classifying plants, animals, minerals, and so on. Today, "natural history" suggests observational descriptions aimed at popular audiences.

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Scholarships for Natural Sciences Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link
 

Edith Nourse Rogers STEM Scholarship

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

Up to $30,000 Varies See Details
 

Edith Nourse Rogers STEM Scholarship

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

award

Up to $30,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Lumpkins Family Merit Scholarship in the College of Science

University of Notre Dame

$25,000 January 01, 2025 See Details
 

Lumpkins Family Merit Scholarship in the College of Science

University of Notre Dame

award

$25,000

deadline

January 01, 2025
See Details
 

Astronaut Scholarship in Science and Technology

Astronaut Scholarship Foundation

Up to $15,000 Varies See Details
 

Astronaut Scholarship in Science and Technology

Astronaut Scholarship Foundation

award

Up to $15,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

UNCF Kia America Accelerate the Good Scholarship

UNCF, Inc

Up to $15,000 June 03, 2024 See Details
 

UNCF Kia America Accelerate the Good Scholarship

UNCF, Inc

award

Up to $15,000

deadline

June 03, 2024
See Details
 

EAGLES Scholarship - PSU

Portland State University

$10,000 Varies See Details
 

EAGLES Scholarship - PSU

Portland State University

award

$10,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

UNCF/CVS Health Foundation Health Care Careers Scholarship

UNCF, Inc

$10,000 May 31, 2024 See Details
 

UNCF/CVS Health Foundation Health Care Careers Scholarship

UNCF, Inc

award

$10,000

deadline

May 31, 2024
See Details
 

Veterans and Family Scholarship

For A Bright Future Foundation

Up to $10,000 May 30, 2024 See Details
 

Veterans and Family Scholarship

For A Bright Future Foundation

award

Up to $10,000

deadline

May 30, 2024
See Details
 

Richard and Muriel Saunders Family Scholarship

Colorado Mesa University

$10,000 August 01, 2024 See Details
 

Richard and Muriel Saunders Family Scholarship

Colorado Mesa University

award

$10,000

deadline

August 01, 2024
See Details
 

NY Society of Cosmetic Chemists Board Choice Scholarship

New York Society of Cosmetic Chemists

$7,500 June 30, 2024 See Details
 

NY Society of Cosmetic Chemists Board Choice Scholarship

New York Society of Cosmetic Chemists

award

$7,500

deadline

June 30, 2024
See Details
 

UHD Scholars Academy Scholarship

University of Houston - Downtown Scholars Academy

Up to $6,000 Varies See Details
 

UHD Scholars Academy Scholarship

University of Houston - Downtown Scholars Academy

award

Up to $6,000

deadline

Varies
See Details