Natural Sciences

Natural science is a branch of science concerned with the description, prediction, and understanding of natural phenomena, based on empirical evidence from observation and experimentation. Mechanisms such as peer review and repeatability of findings are used to try to ensure the validity of scientific advances.

Natural science can be divided into two main branches: life science (or biological science) and physical science. Physical science is subdivided into branches, including physics, chemistry, astronomy and earth science. These branches of natural science may be further divided into more specialized branches (also known as fields).

In Western society's analytic tradition, the empirical sciences and especially natural sciences use tools from formal sciences, such as mathematics and logic, converting information about nature into measurements which can be explained as clear statements of the "laws of nature". The social sciences also use such methods, but rely more on qualitative research, so that they are sometimes called "soft science", whereas natural sciences, insofar as they emphasize quantifiable data produced, tested, and confirmed through the scientific method, are sometimes called "hard science".

Modern natural science succeeded more classical approaches to natural philosophy, usually traced to ancient Greece. Galileo, Descartes, Bacon, and Newton debated the benefits of using approaches which were more mathematical and more experimental in a methodical way. Still, philosophical perspectives, conjectures, and presuppositions, often overlooked, remain necessary in natural science. Systematic data collection, including discovery science, succeeded natural history, which emerged in the 16th century by describing and classifying plants, animals, minerals, and so on. Today, "natural history" suggests observational descriptions aimed at popular audiences.

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Scholarships for Natural Sciences Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link
 

SMART Scholarship

Department of Defense

Up to $38,000 December 01, 2020 See Details
 

SMART Scholarship

Department of Defense

award

Up to $38,000

deadline

December 01, 2020
See Details
 

President's Scholarship - Texas Wesleyan University

Texas Wesleyan University

Up to $12,000 Varies See Details
 

President's Scholarship - Texas Wesleyan University

Texas Wesleyan University

award

Up to $12,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Jeffrey and Lily Chen Undergraduate Scholarship

University of Maryland, College Park - College of CMPS

$10,000 Varies See Details
 

Jeffrey and Lily Chen Undergraduate Scholarship

University of Maryland, College Park - College of CMPS

award

$10,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

$10,000 December 02, 2020 See Details
 

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

award

$10,000

deadline

December 02, 2020
See Details
 

UHD Scholars Academy Scholarship

University of Houston - Downtown Scholars Academy

Up to $6,000 Varies See Details
 

UHD Scholars Academy Scholarship

University of Houston - Downtown Scholars Academy

award

Up to $6,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Beverly McAllister Parker Scholarship

Southern Nazarene University, Department of Science

$5,000 Varies See Details
 

Beverly McAllister Parker Scholarship

Southern Nazarene University, Department of Science

award

$5,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Austin E. Knowlton Scholarship

Denison University

Up to $5,000 Varies See Details
 

Austin E. Knowlton Scholarship

Denison University

award

Up to $5,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

James "Jim" Schalk Memorial Scholarship

Association of Conservation Engineers

$1,500 Varies See Details
 

James "Jim" Schalk Memorial Scholarship

Association of Conservation Engineers

award

$1,500

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Jennifer Ritzmann Scholarship for Studies in Tropical Biology

Council on International Educational Exchange (CIEE)

$1,000 Varies See Details
 

Jennifer Ritzmann Scholarship for Studies in Tropical Biology

Council on International Educational Exchange (CIEE)

award

$1,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Helen M. Saykally Science Scholarship

University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire - College of Arts and Sciences

$800 Varies See Details
 

Helen M. Saykally Science Scholarship

University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire - College of Arts and Sciences

award

$800

deadline

Varies
See Details