Materials Sciences

The interdisciplinary field of materials science, also commonly termed materials science and engineering is the design and discovery of new materials, particularly solids. The intellectual origins of materials science stem from the Enlightenment, when researchers began to use analytical thinking from chemistry, physics, and engineering to understand ancient, phenomenological observations in metallurgy and mineralogy. Materials science still incorporates elements of physics, chemistry, and engineering. As such, the field was long considered by academic institutions as a sub-field of these related fields. Beginning in the 1940s, materials science began to be more widely recognized as a specific and distinct field of science and engineering, and major technical universities around the world created dedicated schools of the study, within either the Science or Engineering schools, hence the naming.

Many of the most pressing scientific problems humans currently face are due to the limits of the materials that are available and how they are used. Thus, breakthroughs in materials science are likely to affect the future of technology significantly.

Materials scientists emphasize understanding how the history of a material (its processing) influences its structure, and thus the material's properties and performance. The understanding of processing-structure-properties relationships is called the § materials paradigm. This paradigm is used to advance understanding in a variety of research areas, including nanotechnology, biomaterials, and metallurgy. Materials science is also an important part of forensic engineering and failure analysis – investigating materials, products, structures or components which fail or do not function as intended, causing personal injury or damage to property. Such investigations are key to understanding, for example, the causes of various aviation accidents and incidents.

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Scholarships for Materials Sciences Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link
 

SMART Scholarship

Department of Defense

Up to $38,000 December 01, 2020 See Details
 

SMART Scholarship

Department of Defense

award

Up to $38,000

deadline

December 01, 2020
See Details
 

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

$10,000 December 02, 2020 See Details
 

Keynote Scholarship

National Space Club

award

$10,000

deadline

December 02, 2020
See Details
 

ACS Scholars Program

American Chemical Society

Up to $5,000 March 01, 2021 See Details
 

ACS Scholars Program

American Chemical Society

award

Up to $5,000

deadline

March 01, 2021
See Details
 

STEM Scholarship

Avomeen Analytical Services

$2,500 April 01, 2021 See Details
 

STEM Scholarship

Avomeen Analytical Services

award

$2,500

deadline

April 01, 2021
See Details
 

PixelPlex STEM Scholarship

PixelPlex

$2,000 December 05, 2020 See Details
 

PixelPlex STEM Scholarship

PixelPlex

award

$2,000

deadline

December 05, 2020
See Details
 

Sally G. Maez Memorial Endowed Scholarship

New Mexico Highlands University

$1,095 February 15, 2021 See Details
 

Sally G. Maez Memorial Endowed Scholarship

New Mexico Highlands University

award

$1,095

deadline

February 15, 2021
See Details
 

STEM Scholarship

B&G Refrigeration

$1,000 June 30, 2021 See Details
 

STEM Scholarship

B&G Refrigeration

award

$1,000

deadline

June 30, 2021
See Details
 

Science Ambassador Scholarship

Cards Against Humanity

100% of tuition December 14, 2020 See Details
 

Science Ambassador Scholarship

Cards Against Humanity

award

100% of tuition

deadline

December 14, 2020
See Details
 

I. C. Gunning Scholarship

Eastern Oklahoma State College

Varies February 21, 2021 See Details
 

I. C. Gunning Scholarship

Eastern Oklahoma State College

award

Varies

deadline

February 21, 2021
See Details