Information Technology

Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise. IT is considered to be a subset of information and communications technology (ICT).

Humans have been storing, retrieving, manipulating, and communicating information since the Sumerians in Mesopotamia developed writing in about 3000 BC, but the term information technology in its modern sense first appeared in a 1958 article published in the Harvard Business Review; authors Harold J. Leavitt and Thomas L. Whisler commented that "the new technology does not yet have a single established name. We shall call it information technology (IT)." Their definition consists of three categories: techniques for processing, the application of statistical and mathematical methods to decision-making, and the simulation of higher-order thinking through computer programs.

The term is commonly used as a synonym for computers and computer networks, but it also encompasses other information distribution technologies such as television and telephones. Several products or services within an economy are associated with information technology, including computer hardware, software, electronics, semiconductors, internet, telecom equipment, and e-commerce.[a]

Based on the storage and processing technologies employed, it is possible to distinguish four distinct phases of IT development: pre-mechanical (3000 BC – 1450 AD), mechanical (1450–1840), electromechanical (1840–1940), and electronic (1940–present). This article focuses on the most recent period (electronic), which began in about 1940.

* Description and images provided by Wikipedia under CC-BY-SA 3.0 license .

Matching Information Technology Colleges

University of Phoenix-Arizona
Four or more years; Private for profit; $11,330 average out-state tuition; $11,330 average in-state tuition
Colorado Technical University-Colorado Springs
Four or more years; Private for profit; $11,315 average out-state tuition; $11,315 average in-state tuition
Western Governors University
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $5,780 average out-state tuition; $5,780 average in-state tuition
Carnegie Mellon University
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $52,732 average out-state tuition; $52,732 average in-state tuition
University of Central Missouri
Four or more years; Public; $13,260 average out-state tuition; $6,630 average in-state tuition
Kaplan University-Davenport Campus
Four or more years; Private for profit; $13,356 average out-state tuition; $13,356 average in-state tuition
George Mason University
Four or more years; Public; $31,118 average out-state tuition; $8,672 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Information Technology Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link

Hennessy Fellows Program

Thurgood Marshall College Fund

Up to $30,000 December 31, 2019 See Details

Hennessy Fellows Program

Thurgood Marshall College Fund

award

Up to $30,000

deadline

December 31, 2019
See Details

Alois Bulawa Scholarship

University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee - Lubar School of Business

$10,500 Varies See Details

Alois Bulawa Scholarship

University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee - Lubar School of Business

award

$10,500

deadline

Varies
See Details

Amazon Future Engineer Scholarship

Amazon.com, Inc.

$10,000 January 17, 2020 See Details

Amazon Future Engineer Scholarship

Amazon.com, Inc.

award

$10,000

deadline

January 17, 2020
See Details

Edison Scholars Program

Edison International

$10,000 December 16, 2020 See Details

Edison Scholars Program

Edison International

award

$10,000

deadline

December 16, 2020
See Details

Information Technology and Design Advantage Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,700 Varies See Details

Information Technology and Design Advantage Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

award

$6,700

deadline

Varies
See Details

Computer Science Advantage Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,700 Varies See Details

Computer Science Advantage Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

award

$6,700

deadline

Varies
See Details

Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

$6,000 Varies See Details

Montana Minds Scholarship - University of Montana, Montana Tech

University of Montana at Montana Tech

award

$6,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Hearst Foundation Scholarship - UWM

University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee - College of Engineering/App. Sci.

Up to $14,000 Varies See Details

Hearst Foundation Scholarship - UWM

University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee - College of Engineering/App. Sci.

award

Up to $14,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Glen E. Ullyot Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

$6,000 Varies See Details

Glen E. Ullyot Scholarship

University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

award

$6,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Ackerley Computer Science and Technology Scholarship

Graceland University

$6,000 Varies See Details

Ackerley Computer Science and Technology Scholarship

Graceland University

award

$6,000

deadline

Varies
See Details