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History

History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past as it is described in written documents. Events occurring before written record are considered prehistory. It is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events. Scholars who write about history are called historians.

History can also refer to the academic discipline which uses a narrative to examine and analyse a sequence of past events, and objectively determine the patterns of cause and effect that determine them. Historians sometimes debate the nature of history and its usefulness by discussing the study of the discipline as an end in itself and as a way of providing "perspective" on the problems of the present.

Stories common to a particular culture, but not supported by external sources (such as the tales surrounding King Arthur), are usually classified as cultural heritage or legends, because they do not show the "disinterested investigation" required of the discipline of history. Herodotus, a 5th-century BC Greek historian is considered within the Western tradition to be the "father of history", and, along with his contemporary Thucydides, helped form the foundations for the modern study of human history. Their works continue to be read today, and the gap between the culture-focused Herodotus and the military-focused Thucydides remains a point of contention or approach in modern historical writing. In East Asia, a state chronicle, the Spring and Autumn Annals was known to be compiled from as early as 722 BC although only 2nd-century BC texts survived.

Ancient influences have helped spawn variant interpretations of the nature of history which have evolved over the centuries and continue to change today. The modern study of history is wide-ranging, and includes the study of specific regions and the study of certain topical or thematical elements of historical investigation. Often history is taught as part of primary and secondary education, and the academic study of history is a major discipline in university studies.

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Matching History Colleges

Scholarships for History Majors

name award deadline

Harold and Martha Barto History Scholarship

Central Washington University

$20,573 February 01, 2019 See Details

Harold and Martha Barto History Scholarship

Central Washington University

award

$20,573

deadline

February 01, 2019
See Details

Dr. Gary M. Moore Great Plan Scholarship

Oklahoma City Community Foundation

$20,000 February 01, 2019 See Details

Dr. Gary M. Moore Great Plan Scholarship

Oklahoma City Community Foundation

award

$20,000

deadline

February 01, 2019
See Details

Bess Heflin Fellowship

University of Texas at Austin, Office of Graduate Studies

$19,000 Varies See Details

Bess Heflin Fellowship

University of Texas at Austin, Office of Graduate Studies

award

$19,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Honors Scholarship - The College of New Rochelle

The College of New Rochelle

Up to $25,000 Varies See Details

Honors Scholarship - The College of New Rochelle

The College of New Rochelle

award

Up to $25,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Dean's Scholarship - The College of New Rochelle

The College of New Rochelle

$14,000 Varies See Details

Dean's Scholarship - The College of New Rochelle

The College of New Rochelle

award

$14,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

City of New Rochelle Resident Award

The College of New Rochelle

Up to $9,000 Varies See Details

City of New Rochelle Resident Award

The College of New Rochelle

award

Up to $9,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Catholic High School Graduate Award

The College of New Rochelle

Up to $9,000 Varies See Details

Catholic High School Graduate Award

The College of New Rochelle

award

Up to $9,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Merit Transfer Scholarship - The College of New Rochelle

The College of New Rochelle

Up to $11,500 Varies See Details

Merit Transfer Scholarship - The College of New Rochelle

The College of New Rochelle

award

Up to $11,500

deadline

Varies
See Details

St. Angela Award

The College of New Rochelle

Up to $7,000 Varies See Details

St. Angela Award

The College of New Rochelle

award

Up to $7,000

deadline

Varies
See Details

Marjorie Skiff Rose Scholarship

University of Colorado Boulder

$6,640 March 06, 2019 See Details

Marjorie Skiff Rose Scholarship

University of Colorado Boulder

award

$6,640

deadline

March 06, 2019
See Details

Popular Cities for History Majors