Dealing with Credit Card Debt
Don't add to your after-college debt by loading up on credit cards.
By Robin Mordfin
When Colette was a sophomore at Oberlin College, she received her first credit card.
“I was very excited,” she says. “Unlike a lot of my friends, I wasn’t being supported by my parents. I also had a job, so I figured I was entitled to use my credit.”
Colette did use her credit card – a lot. She bought spring break vacations to Jamaica, dinners for friends, CDs and books. She was soon offered another credit card, which she also accepted. “I never missed a payment, but I never paid anything off either,” she says. “I just kept getting more offers and moved my credit around from card to card.”
By the time she graduated from college, Colette owned four credit cards and had racked up nearly $20,000 in debt. Because her debt was so high compared to her income, her interest rates had also climbed – from an initial 9.9 percent to 27 percent.
After college, Colette and her new husband, who was attending law school, used their credit cards to bridge the gap between loans and expenses. “We owed nearly $50,000 in credit card debt alone,” she says. “And we panicked when we realized that we weren’t going to be able to make our minimum payments anymore.”
Getting Into Debt
A recent study conducted by Nellie Mae, the nation’s leading student finance firm, revealed that the average undergraduate carries a credit card balance of $2,169. According to the study, many students use their cards without anticipating how the bills will be paid off. It also showed that many students use their cards for tuition and books, which can be more effectively paid for with a student loan.
“Acquiring a student loan takes planning,” says Nina Prikazsky, vice president of operations for Nellie Mae. “Student loans are much more flexible for interest rates and payment than credit cards. [But] some students just never look ahead.”
One cause of credit card debt is college students’ difficulty in adjusting to their newfound financial independence. “They are used to their parents paying for everything,” says Seth Charnes, a Chicago-area CPA. “There are students walking around with $300 cell phone bills who don’t have jobs, and they don’t understand why that is a problem.”
Debt and Financial Aid
Difficulties with credit cards can lead to problems paying for school. According to Prikazsky, credit card debt can affect interest rates for privately-funded student loans. It can also affect a student’s ability to attend the school of their choice.
“When we do a financial analysis, there is often a certain amount of money that parents or students are considered able to pay as part of the financial aid package,” says Ronald Johnson, director of financial aid at UCLA.
“That calculation is done based on income, not on how the applicants have chosen to spend their money. If they are paying huge sums to credit card companies, they may not have the cash available for their financial contribution. That could mean that the child won’t be able to attend the university.”