Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology ("nanotech") is manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale. The earliest, widespread description of nanotechnology referred to the particular technological goal of precisely manipulating atoms and molecules for fabrication of macroscale products, also now referred to as molecular nanotechnology. A more generalized description of nanotechnology was subsequently established by the National Nanotechnology Initiative, which defines nanotechnology as the manipulation of matter with at least one dimension sized from 1 to 100 nanometers. This definition reflects the fact that quantum mechanical effects are important at this quantum-realm scale, and so the definition shifted from a particular technological goal to a research category inclusive of all types of research and technologies that deal with the special properties of matter which occur below the given size threshold. It is therefore common to see the plural form "nanotechnologies" as well as "nanoscale technologies" to refer to the broad range of research and applications whose common trait is size. Because of the variety of potential applications (including industrial and military), governments have invested billions of dollars in nanotechnology research. Through 2012, the USA has invested $3.7 billion using its National Nanotechnology Initiative, the European Union has invested $1.2 billion, and Japan has invested $750 million.

Nanotechnology as defined by size is naturally very broad, including fields of science as diverse as surface science, organic chemistry, molecular biology, semiconductor physics, energy storage, microfabrication, molecular engineering, etc. The associated research and applications are equally diverse, ranging from extensions of conventional device physics to completely new approaches based upon molecular self-assembly, from developing new materials with dimensions on the nanoscale to direct control of matter on the atomic scale.

Scientists currently debate the future implications of nanotechnology. Nanotechnology may be able to create many new materials and devices with a vast range of applications, such as in nanomedicine, nanoelectronics, biomaterials energy production, and consumer products. On the other hand, nanotechnology raises many of the same issues as any new technology, including concerns about the toxicity and environmental impact of nanomaterials, and their potential effects on global economics, as well as speculation about various doomsday scenarios. These concerns have led to a debate among advocacy groups and governments on whether special regulation of nanotechnology is warranted.

* Description and images provided by Wikipedia under CC-BY-SA 3.0 license .

Scholarships for Nanotechnology Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link

Churchill Scholarship

Winston Churchill Foundation of the United States

Up to $60,000 November 02, 2020 See Details

Churchill Scholarship

Winston Churchill Foundation of the United States

award

Up to $60,000

deadline

November 02, 2020
See Details

Edison Scholars Program

Edison International

$10,000 December 16, 2020 See Details

Edison Scholars Program

Edison International

award

$10,000

deadline

December 16, 2020
See Details

PixelPlex STEM Scholarship

PixelPlex

$2,000 December 05, 2020 See Details

PixelPlex STEM Scholarship

PixelPlex

award

$2,000

deadline

December 05, 2020
See Details

Martin Winfrey Memorial Scholarship

Pellissippi State Technical Community College

$500 February 28, 2021 See Details

Martin Winfrey Memorial Scholarship

Pellissippi State Technical Community College

award

$500

deadline

February 28, 2021
See Details

James H. and Ruth Rosemergy Scholarship

Pellissippi State Technical Community College

$500 February 28, 2021 See Details

James H. and Ruth Rosemergy Scholarship

Pellissippi State Technical Community College

award

$500

deadline

February 28, 2021
See Details

Mike and Jackie Crabtree Scholarship

Pellissippi State Technical Community College

$500 February 28, 2021 See Details

Mike and Jackie Crabtree Scholarship

Pellissippi State Technical Community College

award

$500

deadline

February 28, 2021
See Details

Vocational Scholarship

Community Foundation of Mount Vernon/Knox County

Varies October 15, 2020 See Details

Vocational Scholarship

Community Foundation of Mount Vernon/Knox County

award

Varies

deadline

October 15, 2020
See Details