Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology ("nanotech") is manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale. The earliest, widespread description of nanotechnology referred to the particular technological goal of precisely manipulating atoms and molecules for fabrication of macroscale products, also now referred to as molecular nanotechnology. A more generalized description of nanotechnology was subsequently established by the National Nanotechnology Initiative, which defines nanotechnology as the manipulation of matter with at least one dimension sized from 1 to 100 nanometers. This definition reflects the fact that quantum mechanical effects are important at this quantum-realm scale, and so the definition shifted from a particular technological goal to a research category inclusive of all types of research and technologies that deal with the special properties of matter which occur below the given size threshold. It is therefore common to see the plural form "nanotechnologies" as well as "nanoscale technologies" to refer to the broad range of research and applications whose common trait is size. Because of the variety of potential applications (including industrial and military), governments have invested billions of dollars in nanotechnology research. Through 2012, the USA has invested $3.7 billion using its National Nanotechnology Initiative, the European Union has invested $1.2 billion, and Japan has invested $750 million.

Nanotechnology as defined by size is naturally very broad, including fields of science as diverse as surface science, organic chemistry, molecular biology, semiconductor physics, energy storage, microfabrication, molecular engineering, etc. The associated research and applications are equally diverse, ranging from extensions of conventional device physics to completely new approaches based upon molecular self-assembly, from developing new materials with dimensions on the nanoscale to direct control of matter on the atomic scale.

Scientists currently debate the future implications of nanotechnology. Nanotechnology may be able to create many new materials and devices with a vast range of applications, such as in nanomedicine, nanoelectronics, biomaterials energy production, and consumer products. On the other hand, nanotechnology raises many of the same issues as any new technology, including concerns about the toxicity and environmental impact of nanomaterials, and their potential effects on global economics, as well as speculation about various doomsday scenarios. These concerns have led to a debate among advocacy groups and governments on whether special regulation of nanotechnology is warranted.

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Matching Nanotechnology Colleges

Scholarships for Nanotechnology Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link

Edison Scholars Program

Edison International

$10,000 December 16, 2020 See Details

Edison Scholars Program

Edison International

award

$10,000

deadline

December 16, 2020
See Details

Lockheed Martin Vocational Scholarship

Lockheed Martin

$6,600 March 12, 2020 See Details

Lockheed Martin Vocational Scholarship

Lockheed Martin

award

$6,600

deadline

March 12, 2020
See Details

John B. and Marion A. Smitheman Scholarship

Delaware Community Foundation

$5,000 March 15, 2020 See Details

John B. and Marion A. Smitheman Scholarship

Delaware Community Foundation

award

$5,000

deadline

March 15, 2020
See Details

CRCA Foundation Scholarship

Chicago Roofing Contractors Association

$4,000 March 06, 2020 See Details

CRCA Foundation Scholarship

Chicago Roofing Contractors Association

award

$4,000

deadline

March 06, 2020
See Details

John and Yvonne Hsu Edmisten in memory of Allan Voigt M.D. Scholarship

San Luis Obispo County Community Foundation

$2,500 February 02, 2020 See Details

John and Yvonne Hsu Edmisten in memory of Allan Voigt M.D. Scholarship

San Luis Obispo County Community Foundation

award

$2,500

deadline

February 02, 2020
See Details

Hans P. Loewen Scholarship

American Nuclear Society

$2,000 February 01, 2020 See Details

Hans P. Loewen Scholarship

American Nuclear Society

award

$2,000

deadline

February 01, 2020
See Details

Elmhurst Rotary Club Vocational/Technical Scholarship

College of DuPage

$1,000 March 31, 2020 See Details

Elmhurst Rotary Club Vocational/Technical Scholarship

College of DuPage

award

$1,000

deadline

March 31, 2020
See Details

Attie M. Austin Memorial Scholarship

Decatur County Community Foundation

$1,000 February 01, 2020 See Details

Attie M. Austin Memorial Scholarship

Decatur County Community Foundation

award

$1,000

deadline

February 01, 2020
See Details

Farr Brothers Technical Scholarship

Oak Park-River Forest Community Foundation

$1,000 February 17, 2020 See Details

Farr Brothers Technical Scholarship

Oak Park-River Forest Community Foundation

award

$1,000

deadline

February 17, 2020
See Details

Howard B. Kaster Memorial Scholarship

San Mateo County Community Colleges Foundation

$500 March 02, 2020 See Details

Howard B. Kaster Memorial Scholarship

San Mateo County Community Colleges Foundation

award

$500

deadline

March 02, 2020
See Details