Medicine

Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Medicine encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness. Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics, and medical technology to diagnose, treat, and prevent injury and disease, typically through pharmaceuticals or surgery, but also through therapies as diverse as psychotherapy, external splints and traction, medical devices, biologics, and ionizing radiation, amongst others.

Medicine has existed for thousands of years, during most of which it was an art (an area of skill and knowledge) frequently having connections to the religious and philosophical beliefs of local culture. For example, a medicine man would apply herbs and say prayers for healing, or an ancient philosopher and physician would apply bloodletting according to the theories of humorism. In recent centuries, since the advent of modern science, most medicine has become a combination of art and science (both basic and applied, under the umbrella of medical science). While stitching technique for sutures is an art learned through practice, the knowledge of what happens at the cellular and molecular level in the tissues being stitched arises through science.

Prescientific forms of medicine are now known as traditional medicine and folk medicine. They remain commonly used with or instead of scientific medicine and are thus called alternative medicine. For example, evidence on the effectiveness of acupuncture is "variable and inconsistent" for any condition, but is generally safe when done by an appropriately trained practitioner. In contrast, treatments outside the bounds of safety and efficacy are termed quackery.

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Scholarships for Medicine Majors

Bullet name award deadline Link
 

Pauletta and Denzel Washington Family Gifted Scholars Program

Cedars-Sinai

Up to $34,000 Varies See Details
 

Pauletta and Denzel Washington Family Gifted Scholars Program

Cedars-Sinai

award

Up to $34,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

San Miguel Association Medical Scholarship

University of California, San Diego - School of Medicine

$25,000 Varies See Details
 

San Miguel Association Medical Scholarship

University of California, San Diego - School of Medicine

award

$25,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Ray Charles Foundation Scholars Fund in Neurosurgery

Cedars-Sinai

Up to $35,000 April 30, 2021 See Details
 

Ray Charles Foundation Scholars Fund in Neurosurgery

Cedars-Sinai

award

Up to $35,000

deadline

April 30, 2021
See Details
 

Health Sciences Scholarship Program - WVU

West Virginia University - Health Sciences Center

$20,000 Varies See Details
 

Health Sciences Scholarship Program - WVU

West Virginia University - Health Sciences Center

award

$20,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Dr. Herman J. Adelman Medical Scholarship

Joliet Junior College

$20,000 May 01, 2021 See Details
 

Dr. Herman J. Adelman Medical Scholarship

Joliet Junior College

award

$20,000

deadline

May 01, 2021
See Details
 

College of Medicine Deans Award - MUSC

Medical University of South Carolina

$16,000 Varies See Details
 

College of Medicine Deans Award - MUSC

Medical University of South Carolina

award

$16,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

James B. Edwards Scholarship

Medical University of South Carolina

$15,000 Varies See Details
 

James B. Edwards Scholarship

Medical University of South Carolina

award

$15,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

Dr. E Conyers O'Bryan, Jr. Scholarship

Medical University of South Carolina

$15,000 Varies See Details
 

Dr. E Conyers O'Bryan, Jr. Scholarship

Medical University of South Carolina

award

$15,000

deadline

Varies
See Details
 

CBCF Louis Stokes Health Scholars Program

Congressional Black Caucus Foundation, Inc.

$8,000 April 30, 2021 See Details
 

CBCF Louis Stokes Health Scholars Program

Congressional Black Caucus Foundation, Inc.

award

$8,000

deadline

April 30, 2021
See Details
 

Delaney Medical School Scholarship Fund

Gannon University

$38,000 Varies See Details
 

Delaney Medical School Scholarship Fund

Gannon University

award

$38,000

deadline

Varies
See Details