Archeology | Fastweb

Archeology

Archaeology, or archeology (from Greek ἀρχαιολογία, archaiologia – ἀρχαῖος, arkhaīos, "ancient"; and -λογία, -logiā, "-logy"), is the study of human society, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that they have left behind, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts and cultural landscapes (the archaeological record). Because archaeology employs a wide range of different procedures, it can be considered to be both a science and a humanity, and in the United States it is thought of as a branch of anthropology, although in Europe it is viewed as a separate discipline.

Archaeology studies human history from the development of the first stone tools in eastern Africa 3.4 million years ago up until recent decades. It is of most importance for learning about prehistoric societies, when there are no written records for historians to study, making up over 99% of total human history, from the Palaeolithic until the advent of literacy in any given society. Archaeology has various different goals, which range from studying human evolution to cultural evolution and understanding culture history.

The discipline involves surveyance, excavation and eventually analysis of data collected to learn more about the past. In broad scope, archaeology relies on cross-disciplinary research. It draws upon anthropology, history, art history, classics, ethnology, geography,geology,linguistics, physics, information sciences, chemistry, statistics, paleoecology, paleontology, paleozoology, paleoethnobotany, and paleobotany.

Archaeology developed out of antiquarianism in Europe during the 19th century, and has since become a discipline practiced across the world. Since its early development, various specific sub-disciplines of archaeology have developed, including maritime archaeology, feminist archaeology and archaeoastronomy, and numerous different scientific techniques have been developed to aid archaeological investigation. Nonetheless, today, archaeologists face many problems, ranging from dealing with pseudoarchaeology to the looting of artifacts and opposition to the excavation of human remains.

* Description and images provided by Wikipedia under CC-BY-SA 3.0 license. More

Matching Archeology Colleges

University of Missouri-Columbia
Four or more years; Public; $20,643 average out-state tuition; $7,848 average in-state tuition
Boston University
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $40,848 average out-state tuition; $40,848 average in-state tuition
University of Wisconsin-La Crosse
Four or more years; Public; $14,762 average out-state tuition; $7,189 average in-state tuition
University of Evansville
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $28,620 average out-state tuition; $28,620 average in-state tuition
SUNY College at Potsdam
Four or more years; Public; $14,320 average out-state tuition; $5,270 average in-state tuition
Cornell University
Four or more years; Private not for profit; $41,325 average out-state tuition; $41,325 average in-state tuition
Western Washington University
Four or more years; Public; $17,320 average out-state tuition; $6,973 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Archeology Majors

name award deadline

Ford Foundation Predoctoral Diversity Fellowship

National Research Council

$24,000 January 08, 2019 See Details

Ford Foundation Predoctoral Diversity Fellowship

National Research Council

award

$24,000

deadline

January 08, 2019
See Details

Math-Science Scholarship - Carthage College

Carthage College

100% of tuition December 03, 2018 See Details

Math-Science Scholarship - Carthage College

Carthage College

award

100% of tuition

deadline

December 03, 2018
See Details

James Madison Fellowship

James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation

Up to $12,000 March 01, 2019 See Details

James Madison Fellowship

James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation

award

Up to $12,000

deadline

March 01, 2019
See Details

Wayne F. Placek Grant

American Psychological Foundation

$10,000 March 01, 2019 See Details

Wayne F. Placek Grant

American Psychological Foundation

award

$10,000

deadline

March 01, 2019
See Details

Einar and Eva Lund Haugen Memorial Scholarship

Norwegian-American Historical Society

$6,000 December 01, 2018 See Details

Einar and Eva Lund Haugen Memorial Scholarship

Norwegian-American Historical Society

award

$6,000

deadline

December 01, 2018
See Details

APIASF/Frances Sonn Nam Memorial Scholarship

Asian and Pacific Islander American Scholarship Fund

$4,000 January 10, 2019 See Details

APIASF/Frances Sonn Nam Memorial Scholarship

Asian and Pacific Islander American Scholarship Fund

award

$4,000

deadline

January 10, 2019
See Details

Byron Hanke Fellowship

Community Associations Institute (CAI) Research Foundation

Up to $5,000 May 01, 2019 See Details

Byron Hanke Fellowship

Community Associations Institute (CAI) Research Foundation

award

Up to $5,000

deadline

May 01, 2019
See Details

Sheila Tarr-Smith Memorial Scholarship

Clark County Public Education Foundation

$2,500 January 31, 2019 See Details

Sheila Tarr-Smith Memorial Scholarship

Clark County Public Education Foundation

award

$2,500

deadline

January 31, 2019
See Details

Paul and Marguerite K. Thomas Scholarship in Economics

Youngstown State University

$2,000 February 01, 2019 See Details

Paul and Marguerite K. Thomas Scholarship in Economics

Youngstown State University

award

$2,000

deadline

February 01, 2019
See Details

Overseas Press Club Foundation Scholarship

Overseas Press Club Foundation

$2,000 December 01, 2018 See Details

Overseas Press Club Foundation Scholarship

Overseas Press Club Foundation

award

$2,000

deadline

December 01, 2018
See Details