Rutgers-Newark is one of three campuses of Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, the state's public research university, and is located in the City of Newark, in Essex County, New Jersey in the United States. Rutgers, founded in 1766 in New Brunswick, is the eighth oldest college in the United States and a member of the Association of American Universities. In 1945, the state legislature voted to make Rutgers University, then a private liberal arts college, into the state university and in the following year merged the school with the former University of Newark (1936–1946) which became the Rutgers-Newark campus. Rutgers also incorporated the College of South Jersey and South Jersey Law School, in Camden, as a constituent campus of the university and renamed it Rutgers-Camden in 1950.
Rutgers-Newark offers undergraduate (bachelors) and graduate (masters, doctoral) programs to over 12,000 students. The campus is located on 38 acres (15 ha) in Newark's University Heights section. It consists of eight degree-granting undergraduate, graduate, and professional schools, including the Rutgers Business School and Rutgers School of Law - Newark, and several research institutes including the Institute of Jazz Studies. According to U.S. News & World Report, Rutgers-Newark is the most diverse university campus in the United States.
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