King's College London (informally King's or KCL) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, and a constituent college of the federal University of London. King's has a claim to being the third-oldest university in England, having been founded by King George IV and the Duke of Wellington in 1829, receiving its royal charter in the same year. In 1836 King's became one of the two founding colleges of the University of London.
King's is organised into nine Schools of Study, spread across four Thames-side campuses in central London and another in Denmark Hill in south London. It is one of the largest centres for graduate and post-graduate medical teaching and biomedical research in Europe; it is home to six Medical Research Council centres, the most of any British university, and is a founding member of the King's Health Partners academic health sciences centre. King's has around 18,600 full-time students and 5,030 staff and had a total income of £554.2 million in 2011/12, of which £154.7 million was from research grants and contracts.
King's is ranked 68th in the world (and 19th in Europe) in the 2012 Academic Ranking of World Universities, 26th in the world (and 7th in Europe) in the 2012 QS World University Rankings, and 56th in the world (and 12th in Europe) in the 2012 Times Higher Education World University Rankings. There are currently 10 Nobel Prize laureates amongst King's alumni and current and former faculty. In September 2010, The Sunday Times selected King's as its "University of the Year". King's is a member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities, the European University Association, the Russell Group and Universities UK. It forms part of the 'golden triangle' of British universities.
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