Skellytown is a town in Carson County, Texas, United States. The population was 473 at the 2010 census, down from 610 at the 2000 census. Located in the Texas Panhandle, it is part of the Amarillo, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 1926 Skelly Oil Company purchased a 320-acre (130 ha) lease from Henry Schafer, a local rancher on whose land the Roxana oil pool was located. Schafer platted a new townsite, which he named "Skelly" in honor of the company's founder and president, William Grove Skelly of Tulsa, Oklahoma.