Early Childhood Education | Fastweb

Early Childhood Education

Early childhood education is the formal teaching and care of young children by people other than their family or in settings outside of the home. 'Early childhood' is usually defined as before the age of normal schooling - five years in most nations, though the U.S. National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) instead defines 'early childhood' as before the age of eight.

A child's needs at this period are different from those of older schoolchildren, because early childhood sees the greatest growth and development, when the brain develops most rapidly, almost at its fullest. It is a period when walking, talking, self-esteem, vision of the world and moral foundations are established.[citation needed] The early years of life are critical to the development of intelligence, personality and social behaviour. Research on brain development attests to the importance of key mental, physical and social capabilities. If these fundamental capabilities are not well established from the start, and especially if neurological damage occurs, a child's learning potential could be adversely affected.[citation needed] As such, education in early childhood must has its own specific practices and issues.

For programming purposes, it has been decided to extend the concept of early childhood to about 8 years of age. This age range provides the opportunity to reinforce the view of the development as a continuum. It will facilitate the interaction between the pre and initial school years. The concept of basic education calls for the inclusion of early childhood and the key "survival" grades, that is, the first two or three grades of primary education.

Early childhood education often focuses on children learning through play.

According to UNESCO ECCE (Early Childhood Care and Education) Unit, Early childhood is defined as the period from birth to 8 years old. A time of remarkable brain development, these years lay the foundation for subsequent learning.

The terms preschool education and kindergarten emphasize education around the ages of 3–6 years. The terms "early childhood learning," "early care," and "early education" are comparable with early childhood education. The terms day care and child care do not embrace the educational aspects. Many childcare centers are now using more educational approaches. They are creating curricula and incorporating it into their daily routines to foster greater educational learning.[citation needed] The distinction between childcare centers being for care and kindergartens being for education, for example, has all but disappeared in countries that require staff in different early childhood facilities to have a teaching qualification. The ChildForum early childhood education national organisation highlights that while this can uplift the overall quality of children's learning a primary purpose of all early childhood programmes is nevertheless to provide a high standard of care and nurturance due to the young age and emotional and physical needs of children. However, it is necessary to distinguish between nurturance and locomotive learning. One implies the development of vestigial implements of characterized babies, the other refers to hand-eye co-ordination.

Researchers in the field and early childhood educators both view the parents as an integral part of the early childhood education process. Often educators refer to parents as the child's first and best teacher. Early childhood education takes many forms depending on the beliefs of the educator or parent.

Much of the first two years of life are spent in the creation of a child's first "sense of self" or the building of a first identity.[citation needed] This is a crucial part of children's makeup—how they first see themselves, how they think they should function, how they expect others to function in relation to them.[citation needed] For this reason, early care must ensure that in addition to employing carefully selected and trained caretakers, program policy must emphasize links with family, home culture, and home language, meaning caregivers must uniquely care for each child using Developmentally Appropriate Practice, Individually Appropriate Practice and Culturally Appropriate Practice. Care should support families rather than be a substitute for them (see a review of research on the role of parents and families in early education)

If a young child doesn't receive sufficient nurturing, nutrition, parental/caregiver interaction, and stimulus during this crucial period, the child may be left with a developmental deficit that hampers his or her success in preschool, kindergarten, and beyond.

Worst-case scenarios such as those found in Russian and Romanian orphanages demonstrate how the lack of proper social interaction and development of attachment affect the developing child. Children must receive attention and affection to develop in a healthy manner. While in developed nations today such scenarios are fortunately rare there is a danger of a false belief that more hours of formal education for the very young child = greater benefits for the young child than a balance between formal education and time spent with family. A systematic review of the international evidence suggests that the benefits of early childhood education come from the experience itself of participation and that more than 2.5 hours a day does not greatly add to child development outcomes especially if this means the young child is missing out on other experiences and family contact

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Matching Early Childhood Education Colleges

Kaplan University-Davenport Campus
Four or more years; Private for profit; $14,854 average out-state tuition; $14,854 average in-state tuition
California State University-Fullerton
Four or more years; Public; $16,632 average out-state tuition; $5,472 average in-state tuition
South Texas College
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University of Phoenix-Online Campus
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California State University-Sacramento
Four or more years; Public; $16,632 average out-state tuition; $5,472 average in-state tuition
California State University-Northridge
Four or more years; Public; $16,632 average out-state tuition; $5,472 average in-state tuition
California State University-Los Angeles
Four or more years; Public; $16,632 average out-state tuition; $5,472 average in-state tuition

Scholarships for Early Childhood Education Majors

name award deadline

Dr. Gary M. Moore Great Plan Scholarship

Oklahoma City Community Foundation

$20,000 February 01, 2019 See Details

Dr. Gary M. Moore Great Plan Scholarship

Oklahoma City Community Foundation

award

$20,000

deadline

February 01, 2019
See Details

Education or Nursing Scholarship - AQHA

American Quarter Horse Foundation

$10,000 December 01, 2018 See Details

Education or Nursing Scholarship - AQHA

American Quarter Horse Foundation

award

$10,000

deadline

December 01, 2018
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Catherine Hall Moe Scholarship

Central Washington University

$7,012 February 01, 2019 See Details

Catherine Hall Moe Scholarship

Central Washington University

award

$7,012

deadline

February 01, 2019
See Details

Jarussi Sisters Scholarship

Montana State University-Billings

Up to $5,600 February 01, 2019 See Details

Jarussi Sisters Scholarship

Montana State University-Billings

award

Up to $5,600

deadline

February 01, 2019
See Details

Jane F. Vaughan Endowed Scholarship

Montana State University-Billings

$4,300 February 01, 2019 See Details

Jane F. Vaughan Endowed Scholarship

Montana State University-Billings

award

$4,300

deadline

February 01, 2019
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Marvin and Wilma Cornette Presidential Honor Scholarship

West Texas A&M University

$2,000 February 01, 2019 See Details

Marvin and Wilma Cornette Presidential Honor Scholarship

West Texas A&M University

award

$2,000

deadline

February 01, 2019
See Details

Bruce P. Walek Memorial Scholarship

Santa Fe College

$1,600 June 15, 2019 See Details

Bruce P. Walek Memorial Scholarship

Santa Fe College

award

$1,600

deadline

June 15, 2019
See Details

Howard A. McIntosh Scholarship

Northwest Missouri State University

Up to $1,550 May 01, 2019 See Details

Howard A. McIntosh Scholarship

Northwest Missouri State University

award

Up to $1,550

deadline

May 01, 2019
See Details

Dr. Joseph C. Basile, II Scholarship

Greater Kanawha Valley Foundation

$1,400 January 15, 2019 See Details

Dr. Joseph C. Basile, II Scholarship

Greater Kanawha Valley Foundation

award

$1,400

deadline

January 15, 2019
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Mary Maxon Stratford Education Endowed Scholarship

Montana State University-Billings

$1,100 February 01, 2019 See Details

Mary Maxon Stratford Education Endowed Scholarship

Montana State University-Billings

award

$1,100

deadline

February 01, 2019
See Details