Partlow is an unincorporated community in Spotsylvania County in the U.S. state of Virginia. Partlow is a small rural community located between Jefferson Davis Highway (U.S. 1) and Lake Anna. It sits at an elevation of 400 feet, and appears on the Lake Anna East U.S. Geological Survey Map. Partlow's zip code is 22534, and as of the 2000 census, it had a population of 2,083. Partlow is located 31 miles northwest of the city of Richmond, Virginia.
Originally, the area was termed "Pea Ridge" and was the site of a slave auction. Part of the original slave block still rests directly on Rt. 738 between the Partlow Post Office and Mt. Olive Rd (Rt. 658). A tavern was established by Capt. John C. Partlow on the same corner as the slave block called "The Partlow Tavern". Capt. Partlow, along with Benjamin Waller, a descendant of John Waller (founder of Waller's Church) were persecuted for their religion and briefly jailed at one point for having services in their homes. Partlow is also home to Wallers Baptist Church, a historically notable church founded in 1769, known for the notorious persecutions against its founding pastor, John "Swearing Jack" Waller, by the Church of England.
In the early 19th century, Benjamin Waller and John Partlow worked together to form the first Partlow Post Office. The family farm, although largely reduced in size, still exists on Shirleys Hill Road. The last direct descendant bearing the Partlow name, Anne Partlow Pemberton, died in January 2004.
Partlow's primary significance in popular culture is as the location of the plantation where the fictional character Kunta Kinte was enslaved.