Dodson is a village in Winn Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 357 at the 2000 census, which decreased to 337 in 2010.
Dodson was the birthplace of the Alexandria businessman Morgan W. Walker, Sr. (1893–1983), the founder of what became Continental Trailways and Walker-Roemer dairy and a director of the former Guaranty Bank and Trust Company.
Morgan Walker's cousin, William Stewart Walker, a United States Army soldier in World War II who later rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel, grew up north of Dodson in the Wyatt community in Jackson Parish. In 1964, he was the Republican nominee for the former 8th congressional district seat in the United States House of Representatives in 1964. He was defeated by Speedy O. Long of La Salle Parish. W.S. Walker is interred in Transport Cemetery in Dodson.
Winn Parish state representative from 1928 to 1929 and historian Harley Bozeman spent part of his boyhood in Dodson.
Keith M. Pyburn (1910-1967), a state representative for Caddo Parish from 1948 to 1952, was born in Dodson and lived there until 1925. He was an attorney in Shreveport and later Washington, D.C.