Broughton is a village in Hamilton County, Illinois, United States. The population was 194 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Mount Vernon Micropolitan Statistical Area.
The village was founded in the 1720s as Saint Philippe du Grand Marais (called "St. Philippe") by French coureurs de bois. In the early 19th century, it was known as "Rectorville" for nearby Rector Creek, which had been named for federal land surveyor John Rector.