Barataria is a census-designated place (CDP) in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 1,109 at the 2010 census. It is part of the New Orleans–Metairie–Kenner Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The name comes from Bayou Barataria, a tributary of Barataria Bay south of New Orleans. The bay in turn took its name from the fictional island awarded to Sancho Panza to govern, as a prank in Part II of Don Quixote.